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First Edition of Pike's Journey
An Account of Expeditions to the Sources of the Mississippi, and through the Western Parts of Louisiana to the Sources of the Arkansaw, Kans, La Platte, and Pierre Jaun Rivers; Performed by order of the Government of the United States. Zebulon Montgomery Pike (1779-1813). Philadelphia: C. & A. Conrad, et al., 1810.\n2 volumes: text and atlas. Text: 8vo., (8 2/8 x 5 2/8 inches). Frontispiece portrait (browned and offset onto title-page). Atlas: 3 folding tables, 6 engraved maps, including 5 fine folding maps, of which two are charts of the "Internal Part of Louisiana," one map and one sketch of the "Internal Provinces of New Spain," and a "Map of the Mississippi River from its Source to the Mouth of the Missouri". Uniformly bound in early 20th-century half scarlet morocco, marbled paper boards, gilt, by Stikeman and Co., presernved in a modern scarlet cloth slipcase.\nAN ATTRACTIVE COPY OF THE FIRST EDITION OF THE FIRST GOVERNMENT EXPLORATION OF THE SOUTHWEST.\nFirst edition of the first U.S. government exploration of the Southwest. This edition contains the first appearance in print of the first maps of the Southwest to be based on firsthand exploration.\nThe Louisiana Purchase was one of Thomas Jefferson's crowning achievements, and in the following four years he commissioned a number of expeditions to explore the largely unknown territory. In 1804 Lewis and Clark ventured westward from St. Louis; Sibley, Dunbar and Freeman explored the Spanish border region in Texas; and in 1806 Pike went to explore the southernmost border region north of New Spain. His orders were to explore the Arkansas and Red Rivers, but by February of 1807 he had reached the upper reaches of the Rio Grande having missed the Red River entirely: "Spanish authorities learned of his presence and sent a force to arrest him and his men. They were taken to Santa Fe and then sent on to Chihuahua. Pike's maps and papers were confiscated, but he managed to retain his diary and journals by secreting them in the gun barrels of his men. Apparently he was able to convince the Spaniards that he had entered New Spain by accident, as he was escorted by armed guard through Texas via San Antonio to the Sabine, where he was released. He arrived at Natchioches in June, 1807, having thus had the opportunity to examine New Mexico and Texas in some detail, at the expense of the Spanish government." (Jenkins).\n"In the hierarchy of significant westward expeditions, that of Lieutenant Zebulon Montgomery Pike (1779-1813) ranks right below that of Lewis and Clark... While his was not the first official reconnaissance of the west, he provided 'the earliest official geographical image of the trans-Mississippi West'... Pike's map and journal...provided the first authentic information about the Upper Mississippi... On the Conejos River, an effluent of the Rio Grande, well into Spanish territory, Pike boldly constructed a fort. It was at this fort that he was arrested and taken first to Santa Fe and then to Chihuahua for a meeting with Don Nemesio Salcedo, the governor of New Spain. The authorities confiscated, among other documents, a manuscript map of the Santa Fe Trail... While in custody of the Spanish, Pike learned 'just how many and what kind of troops the Spanish had on hand to defend the northern provinces,' according to William Goetzmann, 'and he was well informed on the character and personalities of all the Spanish military leaders. No more successful espionage operation has ever been conducted in recorded American history.' Pike returned from captivity without his sketch maps, making the creation of his own map more difficult. He had managed to smuggle traverse tables in the rifle barrels that he and his men were allowed to take with them after being released. These tables enabled him to reconstruct parts of the upper Arkansas, and to his credit, his map is the first to accurately delineate the Arkansas and its tributaries. Nevertheless, large sections of 'A Chart of the Internal Part of Louisiana' (1810), were based on Alexander von Humboldt's map ... It is paradoxical that Pike, who had actually explored the internal part of Louisiana, relied on the cartography of Humboldt, who had never been there" (Cohen). "Pike has been suspected of complicity with the Aaron Burr conspiracy to establish an empire in the Southwest, carved from the Spanish provinces of northern Mexico and the western United States, but no firm evidence supports those charges. He remained, however, outspoken in his resistance to the democratization of the army during the Thomas Jefferson administration.... Pike published the journals of his explorations in 1810, supplemented with his correspondence with General Wilkinson, his speeches to the Indians, and detailed descriptions of the land through which he traveled, as An Account of Expeditions to the Sources of the Mississippi and through the Western Parts of Louisiana. Appearing as it did, four years before the publication of the journals of Lewis and Clark, Pike's book provided the American public with its first written description of the trans-Mississippi West.... He was killed in action at the storming of York, (now Toronto), Canada, on April 27, 1813, when the enemies' powder magazine exploded" (Handbook of Texas Online).\nThe publication of Pike's reports of the area now occupied by Texas, Arkansas and New Mexico encountered similar difficulties to those of Lewis and Clark of their expedition, and did not appear in print until three years after Pike's return. However, they were well received and the favorable reports of Texas as "one of the richest, most prolific, and best watered countries in North America" did much to encourage further exploration and expansion. Field 1217; Graff 3290; Howes P-373; Jenkins "Basic Texas Books" 163; Sabin 62836; Streeter "Texas" 1047; Wagner-Camp-Becker 9:1; Wheat "Mapping the Transmississippi West" 297-299. Mid-Hudson Auction Galleries
View near Westminster Bridge
W. Marlow (engraved by V. Green & F. Jukes). aquatint engraving, inked by hand. London: J. Boydell, 1777. 18 1/4 x 22 3/4 inches, 28 x 32 1/2 inches framed. Striking View of Westminster Bridge with Parliament and Westminster Abbey. Mid-Hudson Auction Galleries
Study of Flowers
Chinese Export School: late 19th Century. Watercolor on pith paper. 7 x 10.5 inches sight size in mat. 12.75 x 16.25 inches framed Mid-Hudson Auction Galleries
The only surviving original manuscript of the first
Survey and Town Plan of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Colonel George Woods. Pen and ink on parchment. Pittsburgh, 1784. 13 ½ x 17 ¼ inches sheet. Provenance: Senator James Ross (1762-1847); Private collection, Pittsburgh. References: John Melish, Travels through the United States of America in the Years 1806-07 (Philadelphia, 1812) 54; John W. Reps, The Making of Urban America (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1965) 204-206; ibid., Town Planning in Frontier America (Columbia & London: University of Missouri Press, 1980) 181; Bruce Buvinger, Origin, Development, and Persistence of Street Patterns in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Pittsburgh, 1972). THE ONLY SURVIVING ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT OF THE FIRST PLAN OF THE CITY OF PITTSBURGH. This remarkable document is the only available original manuscript of the first survey and town plan of Pittsburgh and stands as the Penns' charter of Pittsburgh. Every deed issued by Penns' Philadelphia Land Office referred to it and all subsequent real estate ownership in Pittsburgh's "Triangle" is based on this document. Three copies of the original map are recorded, but the other two were destroyed in the Great Fire of 1845, which burned nearly one thousand buildings and leveled nearly half of Pittsburgh. This copy survived as it was held outside the city, at the residence of Senator James Ross. The map was used by Ross, at a Supreme Court of Pennsylvania trial, during 1841. In his recorded deposition he stated "I had it sent to me by the Proprietaries' agent at the trial of the Commonwealth vs. McDonald. This parchment draft I saw in said office of Proprietaries 40 years ago." A two-line attest of authenticity, located at the lower left of the plan, dated December 29, 1841 and signed by James Ross, states "this is the parchment draft referred to in my deposition." On the verso of the document is an Allegheny County clerk's notation, "Recorded in the office for recording deeds . . .," dated February 19, 1842. A copy of the document (complete with Ross's attest of authenticity) is to be found in the Allegheny County plat book. The authenticity of the map has been further verified by Andrew E. Masich, president and CEO of the Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania who in an article for the Pittsburgh Tribune Review (Sunday, November 20, 2005) commented, " . . . it's a legitimate thing. It is one of the earliest maps of Pittsburgh." A settlement is recorded on the site, of what is now Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, as early as circa 1760. On March 4, 1681, King Charles II signed the Charter of Pennsylvania and granted the territory to William Penn as payment of a loan in the amount of £16,000. Penn intended this to be a safe haven for persecuted Quakers, a religion he himself had converted to, but which was socially despised in Great Britain. By the eighteenth century, Pennsylvania also became a settlement for new immigrants to America, who found little opportunity in the already settled portions of the original colonies. However, there was little settlement of the western portion of the state due to constant Native American incursions. This was to change during the second half of the century. In 1754 the French and Indian War broke out. The Mississippi and Ohio Valleys had been under the control of the French and their defeat opened the path for settlement in western Pennsylvania. In 1758 Fort Duquesne, built at the strategic point where the Monongahela and Allegheny Rivers meet the Ohio River, fell to the British and was renamed Fort Pitt. According to early accounts, a small community of 200 houses, grouped in a tiny grid of rectangular blocks fronting on to the Monongahela, had formed around the fort within two years. Most of the inhabitants were fur traders. Mid-Hudson Auction Galleries
Ferrari 17th C. Fruit Engraving
Plate 379. Giovanni Battista Ferrari (1584-1655). Rome: Sumptibus Hermanni Scheus, 1656. Hand Colored Engraving. Approximately 13 3/4 x 9 1/4 inches sheet Mid-Hudson Auction Galleries
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