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Chevron Venetian Trade Beads Mixed Prossers and Millefiori African
Vintage trade beads necklace Africa Direct
Fang Four-Faced Ngontang Helmet Mask Gabon Africa
Additional Information: A superb Fang helmet mask with four faces in the traditional heart-shaped form. The heart-shaped faces are in painted in white . The top has a stylized cap with four crests .   Such a mask mask comes from the Fang. It is called  Ngontang (or Ngontanga). The original Ngontang  mask appeared among the Fang people of Southern Cameroon and Gabon shortly before 1920. It represents a spirit of the dead. visiting as a young white woman from the world beyond. The mask was used to locate sorcerers–those who misuse spiritual powers–but also danced at feasts, funerals, celebrations of birth, and on the occasion of an important communal decision.    The Fang migrated from the northeast over the centuries into the scattered areas in which they live today. They were a fierce people, seizing lands and villages as they spread. Today they number around 80 clans, and are spread over a vast area. Their geographic distribution, and the isolation and autonomy of the individual clans, has helped create many artisitic sub-styles. Each community is headed by a leader related to the founder of the village. They are mostly farmers, and ancestor worship continues to be the glue that binds each village together. The impact of the Fang in creating a wider appreciation for African art cannot be ignored, and viewing one of their masterpieces can be a thrilling and memorable experience. See another example of Fang mask with four faces in GABON. Galerie Walu, p. 81 Recommended Reading: Binet, J. Societes de danse chez les Fang, (Paris, 1972)Fernandez, J. 'La statuaire Fang-Gabon', African Arts, 8, No.1, 1974.Fernandez, J. W. and R. L. 'Fang Reliquary Art: Its Quantities and Qualities.'Cahiers d'etudes africaines, 15, No. 5. 1975Perrois, L. Statuaire fang, (Paris, 1972)Perrois, L. Sculpture traditionelle du Gabon, (Paris, 1977)Perrois, L. 'Arts du Gabon, Les arts plastiques du Bassin de l'Ogoue', Arts d'Afrique Noire. 1979Perrois, L. Arts ancestral du Gabon dans les collections du Musee, Barbier-Mueller, (Geneva, 1985)Phillips, T, (ed.) Africa, The Art of a Continent, (Munich, 1995)Roy, C. Art and Life in Africa, (Iowa City, 1992)Schmalenbach, W. African Art from the Barbier-Mueller Collection,(Geneva,1988)Tessmann, G. Die Pangwe, (Berlin and New York, 1913(1972))  I have examined this piece and agree with the description. Niangi Batulukisi, PhD. Africa Direct
King Venetian Trade Beads Yellow Africa 30 Inch
Venetian glass beads traded in Africa Africa Direct
Pende Chief's Beaded Crown DR Congo African
Pende Chief's Beaded Crown, Misango, African Additional Information: An exquisite piece, glass beads over woven grass. This is a beautiful Pende Beaded chief's crown well done. The crown shows some loose threads, one horn missing, and a few beads missing. The symetry of the designs indicates that the piece was made by a master artist. It takes months to realized such work. Pende's crowns, called Misango, are insignias of title, and nobility. The Pende, Lunda, Yaka, and a few other groups influenced by the Lunda use this king of crown.The original form is based on the Old Lunda models, as the earliest collected examples came from the Lunda, and the style passed on to all the neighboring people under Lunda influence. The horns are supposed to recall the horns of the buffalo, which is a chiefly male symbol of power. Beads are mainly used to decorate chief’s hats and scepters like this one. Other prestigious objects such as this wand or sceptre were also decorated with beads. They were used by the political leaders and are worn or carried as emblem of authority, badges of office and insignia of rank. Priests and diviners will also use this special scepter while performing their ritual duties. Sceptres are said to embody powerful spirits. Recommended Reading: See a similar example in CROWNING ACHIEVEMENTS-AFRICAN ARTS OF DRESSING THE HEAD, p. 102. I have examined this piece and agree with the description Niangi Batulukisi, Ph.D. Africa Direct
Kuba Mask Bwoom Type DR Congo African
Additional Information: This mask has a protruding forehead, jutting cheecks, a strong prominent nose and an open square mouth. This mask has no decoration . Its form recall the royal mask  bwoom. Usually such masks would have a headdress made of various media and would be decorated with  copper sheets beads, cowrie shells , animal skin, raffia cloth, and many other decorations.Bwoom is the second highest ranked royal mask.  Authorities have offered different hypotheses regarding the origin of Bwoom masks. Most scholars think the Kuba borrowed it from their southern neighbors, the Kete, the Luluwa, and even the Pende. Others consider this mask to be of Cwa (pygmies) origin. According to the Kuba traditions, the Cwa were the first occupant of the Kuba territory. Bwoom portrays a Cwa, a man of non-royal origin, a slave or a man of modest origin who in the history of creation of the Bushoong played an important role in counterbalancing the power of the king. During the masked performances Bwoom enters in competition with Mooshambooy mu Shall, the mask which portrays Woot, the legendary founder of Kuba kingdom. Recommended Reading: Cornet's ART ROYAL KUBA, Mack's EMIL TORDAY AND THE ART OF THE CONGO 1900-1909. Africa Direct
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