Alexander Bitar Collectibles

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Objects "Alexander Bitar Collectibles"

Freddie Mercury

Iconic stage-worn jacket by the icon himself! A red and white cotton twill military-inspired jacket with straps and buckles that was worn by Freddie Mercury during numerous of shows during Queen’s 1986 "Magic Tour". The Magic Tour was Queen’s biggest tour and also Mercury’s final tour with the band. The jacket was designed by Diana Moseley, who designed many of the band member's costumes. Moseley and Mercury worked closely during the design process of his tour costumes. The Magic Tour is arguably the most iconic and appreciated tour that Queen ever held. From this tour, Queen has since released Live at Wembley '86, Live Magic, and Live in Budapest. The jacket was gifted from Queen’s management to Irena Sedlecka, a renowned sculptor who created a statue of Mercury wearing the costume that was unveiled in Montreux, Switzerland in 1996. This is a prime memorabilia of the front man of one of popular music's most commercially successful and important bands of all time! Note that the third photograph shows Mercury wearing this very jacket at Wembley Stadium in London, England November 7 1986, whilst the forth photograph is from July 27 1986 at Népstadion in Budapest, Hungary. Size: Condition: In used, yet very fine condition. Provenance: Freddie Mercury/Queen; Irena Sedlecka; Private collection, USA. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Price: $100,000 USD SOLD!, Iconic stage-worn jacket by the icon himself!, Iconic stage-worn jacket by the icon himself! A red and white cotton twill military-inspired jacket with straps and buckles that was worn by Freddie Mercury during numerous of shows during Queen’s 1986 "Magic Tour". The Magic Tour was Queen’s biggest tour and also Mercury’s final tour with the band. The jacket was designed by Diana Moseley, who designed many of the band member's costumes. Moseley and Mercury worked closely during the design process of his tour costumes. The Magic Tour is arguably the most iconic and appreciated tour that Queen ever held. From this tour, Queen has since released Live at Wembley '86, Live Magic, and Live in Budapest. The jacket was gifted from Queen’s management to Irena Sedlecka, a renowned sculptor who created a statue of Mercury wearing the costume that was unveiled in Montreux, Switzerland in 1996. This is a prime memorabilia of the front man of one of popular music's most commercially successful and important bands of all time! Note that the third photograph shows Mercury wearing this very jacket at Wembley Stadium in London, England November 7 1986, whilst the forth photograph is from July 27 1986 at Népstadion in Budapest, Hungary. Size: Condition: In used, yet very fine condition. Provenance: Freddie Mercury/Queen; Irena Sedlecka; Private collection, USA. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Price: $100,000 USD SOLD!, Live at Wembley '86, Live Magic, Live in Budapest, Size:, Condition:, Provenance:, Alexander Bitar Collectibles, Price:, SOLD!Read more

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John Lennon

One of the most significant handwritten letters by John Lennon known to exist! Handwritten and signed letter by John Lennon. The letter in full: "Dear Martin George of Rock Ink, Yoko and I got Two Virgins out in spite of being part owners of Apple. We made it in May and they fucked us about till November! Then E.M.I. (who have the real control) wrote warning letters to all their puppets around the world telling them not to handle it in any way, (this after Sir Joe had told us face to face that he would do everything he could to help us with it and asking us for autographed copies!) In the States it came out on Tetragrammaton, which vanished leaving a few thousand spares (it was sold discreetly wrapped in brown paper bags). Retailers here & there were to [sic] scared to handle it and it sold very few it's very well known but not many people could actually get it. In most other major markets e.g. Japan, it has never been released. On my last album in U.K., E.M.I. allowed me to sing 'fuck' but wouldn't allow the lyrics to be printed! Yoko's Open Your Box * was banned (again by an E.M.I. letter) everywhere. It only came out in Britain in a censored form. Just thought you'd like to know. Love J&Y". An original typewritten document, dated "Sept. 12, 1971", of the letter is accompanied. The letter is angrily written regarding Lennon's experimental album "Unfinished Music No. 1: Two Virgins". That was the very first non-Beatles album that Lennon made. It was a very controversial album, in particular the now famous album cover, which was the reason of why Lennon was so critical towards Apple Records and E.M.I. Lennon's most iconic album – "Imagine" was released September 9, 1971. That's only three days prior to when Lennon wrote this letter. In other words, he is writing the letter to make sure that his previous experiences with Apple and E.M.I. will not be happening again with "Imagine" – an album that later became one of history's most iconic albums. This is surely one of the most significant handwritten letters by John Lennon known to exist. Noted Beatles autographs expert Perry Cox writes the following in the accompanied letter of authenticity: "Very historic and incredible hand written letter ... One of the most significant letter’s I’ve examined by Mr. Lennon to date." Size: Approximately 8.5 x 11 in. / 22 x 28 cm, unframed. Condition: Very good condition; impression of paper clip on upper left side.​ Provenance: Martin George; Private collection, England. Letter of authenticity from Perry Cox. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Price: $40,000 USD, One of the most significant handwritten letters by John Lennon known to exist!, One of the most significant handwritten letters by John Lennon known to exist! Handwritten and signed letter by John Lennon. The letter in full: "Dear Martin George of Rock Ink, Yoko and I got Two Virgins out in spite of being part owners of Apple. We made it in May and they fucked us about till November! Then E.M.I. (who have the real control) wrote warning letters to all their puppets around the world telling them not to handle it in any way, (this after Sir Joe had told us face to face that he would do everything he could to help us with it and asking us for autographed copies!) In the States it came out on Tetragrammaton, which vanished leaving a few thousand spares (it was sold discreetly wrapped in brown paper bags). Retailers here & there were to [sic] scared to handle it and it sold very few it's very well known but not many people could actually get it. In most other major markets e.g. Japan, it has never been released. On my last album in U.K., E.M.I. allowed me to sing 'fuck' but wouldn't allow the lyrics to be printed! Yoko's Open Your Box * was banned (again by an E.M.I. letter) everywhere. It only came out in Britain in a censored form. Just thought you'd like to know. Love J&Y". An original typewritten document, dated "Sept. 12, 1971", of the letter is accompanied. The letter is angrily written regarding Lennon's experimental album "Unfinished Music No. 1: Two Virgins". That was the very first non-Beatles album that Lennon made. It was a very controversial album, in particular the now famous album cover, which was the reason of why Lennon was so critical towards Apple Records and E.M.I. Lennon's most iconic album – "Imagine" was released September 9, 1971. That's only three days prior to when Lennon wrote this letter. In other words, he is writing the letter to make sure that his previous experiences with Apple and E.M.I. will not be happening again with "Imagine" – an album that later became one of history's most iconic albums. This is surely one of the most significant handwritten letters by John Lennon known to exist. Noted Beatles autographs expert Perry Cox writes the following in the accompanied letter of authenticity: "Very historic and incredible hand written letter ... One of the most significant letter’s I’ve examined by Mr. Lennon to date." Size: Approximately 8.5 x 11 in. / 22 x 28 cm, unframed. Condition: Very good condition; impression of paper clip on upper left side.​ Provenance: Martin George; Private collection, England. Letter of authenticity from Perry Cox. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Price: $40,000 USD, Size:, Condition:, Provenance:, Alexander Bitar Collectibles, Price:Read more

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Harry S. Truman

Personal pocket watch of the man who approved the atomic bombs over Japan. A gentleman's gold open face pocket watch by Tiffany & Co., personally owned and used by Harry S. Truman. The watch is engraved with Truman's monogram "H S T" on the back cover. The movement is signed "C. H. Meylan Watch Co. Swiss". Accompanied with the original flannel pouch and fitted leather and gold-stamped box marked "Tiffany & Co. New York". Owned items by U.S. presidents are very rare and highly sought-after; especially when it's one of the more interesting and controversial presidents. Truman, the 33rd President of the United States, began his presidency a month prior to the ending of World War Two after succeeding Franklin D. Roosevelt. Perhaps the most memorable act by Truman is the approval of the he atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan – something that forever changed the world. Size: Condition: Fine vintage condition; complete working movement. Provenance: Harry S. Truman; Private collection, USA. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Price: $45,000 USD SOLD!, Personal pocket watch of the man who approved the atomic bombs over Japan. Personal pocket watch of the man who approved the atomic bombs over Japan. A gentleman's gold open face pocket watch by Tiffany & Co., personally owned and used by Harry S. Truman. The watch is engraved with Truman's monogram "H S T" on the back cover. The movement is signed "C. H. Meylan Watch Co. Swiss". Accompanied with the original flannel pouch and fitted leather and gold-stamped box marked "Tiffany & Co. New York". Owned items by U.S. presidents are very rare and highly sought-after; especially when it's one of the more interesting and controversial presidents. Truman, the 33rd President of the United States, began his presidency a month prior to the ending of World War Two after succeeding Franklin D. Roosevelt. Perhaps the most memorable act by Truman is the approval of the he atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan – something that forever changed the world. Size: Condition: Fine vintage condition; complete working movement. Provenance: Harry S. Truman; Private collection, USA. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Price: $45,000 USD SOLD!, Size:, Condition:, Provenance:, Alexander Bitar Collectibles, Price:, SOLD!Read more

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Charles de Gaulle

Charles de Gaulle’s victory speech on May 8 1945; announcing the German surrender of the Second World War! This historic document was used by Charles de Gaulle (then general and Chairmen of the Provisional Government in France) to announce the European victory of the Second World War – Germany’s surrender. General de Gaulle made the announcement on public radio at 3 pm on May 8 1945. The two pages are printed with text in French and has handwritten ink corrections by de Gaulle. The final version that was spoken in the radio is indeed the exact text that’s shown on the document, making it the final draft; all corrections are correct in the speech. The words “texte definitif” (English: “final text”) is written on the upper part of the first page, as well as the date ”8/5/45”. The speech in full: “[1] La guerre est gagnée! Voici la Victoire! C’est la Victoire des Nations Unies et c’est la Victoire de la France. L'ennemi allemand vient de capituler devant les armées alliées de l’Ouest et de l’Est. Le Commandement français était présent et partie à l’acte de capitulation. Dans l’état de désorganisation où se trouvent les pouvoirs publics et le commandement militaire allemands, il est possible que certains groupes ennemis veuillent, ça et là, prolonger pour leur propre compte une résistance sans issue. Mais l’Allemagne est abattue et elle a signé son désastre! Tandis que les rayons de la Gloire font, une fois de plus, resplendir nos drapeaux, la patrie porte sa pensée et son amour d’abord vers ceux qui sont morts pour elle, ensuite vers ceux qui ont, pour son service, tant combattu et tant souffert. Pas un effort de ses soldats, de ses marins, de ses aviateurs, pas un acte de courage ou d’abnégation de ses fils et de ses filles, pas une souffrance de ses hommes et de ses femmes prisonniers, pas un deuil, pas un sacrifice, pas une larme, n’auront donc été perdus! [2] Dans la joie et la fierté nationale, le peuple français adresse son fraternel salut à ses vaillants alliés qui, comme lui, pour la même cause que lui, ont durement, longuement, prodigué leurs peines, à leurs héroïques armées et aux chefs qui les commandent, à tous ces hommes et à toutes ces femmes qui, dans le monde, ont lutté, pâti, travaillé, pour que l’emportent, à la fin des fins, la justice et la liberté. Honneur! Honneur pour toujours, à nos armées et à leurs chefs! Honneur à notre peuple, que des épreuves terribles n’ont pu réduire, ni fléchir! Honneur aux Nations Unies, qui ont mêlé leur sang à notre sang, leurs peines à nos peines, leur espérance à notre espérance et qui, aujourd’hui, triomphent avec nous. Ah! Vive la France!” Full English translation: ”The war has been won. This is victory. It is the victory of the United Nations and that of France. The German enemy has surrendered to the Allied Armies in the West and East. The French High Command was present and a party to the act of capitulation. In the state of disorganization of the German public authorities and command it is possible that certain enemy groups may intend here and there to prolong on their own account a senseless resistance. But Germany is beaten and has signed her disaster. While the rays of glory once again lend brilliance to our flags, the country turns its thoughts and affection first of all toward those who died for her and then toward those who in her service struggled and suffered so much. Not one single act of courage or self-sacrifice of her sons and daughters, not one single hardship of her captive men and women, not one single bereavement and sacrifice, not one single tear will have been wasted in vain. In the national rejoicing and pride, the French people send brotherly greetings to their gallant Allies, who, like themselves and for the same cause, have sustained so many hardships over such a long period, to their heroic armies and to those commanding them, and to all those men and women who, throughout the world, fought, suffered and worked so that the cause of liberty and justice might ultimately prevail. Honor, eternal honor, to our armies and their leaders. Honor to our nation, which never faltered, even under terrible trials, nor gave in to them. Honor to the United Nations, which mingled their blood, their sorrows and their hopes with ours and who today are triumphant with us. Long live France!” Original audio recording of the speech is available for free on YouTube – CLICK HERE! Charles de Gaulle later became President of France (1959-1969) and is known as the greatest Frenchmen of all time (Le Plus Grand Français de tous les temps). This de Gaulle speech has been quoted as not only a beautiful speech but also very iconic. Nonetheless, whoever it may have been that made this historical speech for France, it’s fair to state that this document is the most important French document in modern times. And indeed, a high-end Second World War collectible. Size: Approximately 8.5 x 13.5 in. / 21,5 x 34 cm each, unframed. Condition: Good condition; handling creases; some kind of paper clip impression. Provenance: Private collection, France. Private collection, USA. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Price: Upon request, Charles de Gaulle’s victory speech on May 8 1945; announcing the German surrender of the Second World War!, Charles de Gaulle’s victory speech on May 8 1945; announcing the German surrender of the Second World War! This historic document was used by Charles de Gaulle (then general and Chairmen of the Provisional Government in France) to announce the European victory of the Second World War – Germany’s surrender. General de Gaulle made the announcement on public radio at 3 pm on May 8 1945. The two pages are printed with text in French and has handwritten ink corrections by de Gaulle. The final version that was spoken in the radio is indeed the exact text that’s shown on the document, making it the final draft; all corrections are correct in the speech. The words “texte definitif” (English: “final text”) is written on the upper part of the first page, as well as the date ”8/5/45”. The speech in full: “[1] La guerre est gagnée! Voici la Victoire! C’est la Victoire des Nations Unies et c’est la Victoire de la France. L'ennemi allemand vient de capituler devant les armées alliées de l’Ouest et de l’Est. Le Commandement français était présent et partie à l’acte de capitulation. Dans l’état de désorganisation où se trouvent les pouvoirs publics et le commandement militaire allemands, il est possible que certains groupes ennemis veuillent, ça et là, prolonger pour leur propre compte une résistance sans issue. Mais l’Allemagne est abattue et elle a signé son désastre! Tandis que les rayons de la Gloire font, une fois de plus, resplendir nos drapeaux, la patrie porte sa pensée et son amour d’abord vers ceux qui sont morts pour elle, ensuite vers ceux qui ont, pour son service, tant combattu et tant souffert. Pas un effort de ses soldats, de ses marins, de ses aviateurs, pas un acte de courage ou d’abnégation de ses fils et de ses filles, pas une souffrance de ses hommes et de ses femmes prisonniers, pas un deuil, pas un sacrifice, pas une larme, n’auront donc été perdus! [2] Dans la joie et la fierté nationale, le peuple français adresse son fraternel salut à ses vaillants alliés qui, comme lui, pour la même cause que lui, ont durement, longuement, prodigué leurs peines, à leurs héroïques armées et aux chefs qui les commandent, à tous ces hommes et à toutes ces femmes qui, dans le monde, ont lutté, pâti, travaillé, pour que l’emportent, à la fin des fins, la justice et la liberté. Honneur! Honneur pour toujours, à nos armées et à leurs chefs! Honneur à notre peuple, que des épreuves terribles n’ont pu réduire, ni fléchir! Honneur aux Nations Unies, qui ont mêlé leur sang à notre sang, leurs peines à nos peines, leur espérance à notre espérance et qui, aujourd’hui, triomphent avec nous. Ah! Vive la France!” Full English translation: ”The war has been won. This is victory. It is the victory of the United Nations and that of France. The German enemy has surrendered to the Allied Armies in the West and East. The French High Command was present and a party to the act of capitulation. In the state of disorganization of the German public authorities and command it is possible that certain enemy groups may intend here and there to prolong on their own account a senseless resistance. But Germany is beaten and has signed her disaster. While the rays of glory once again lend brilliance to our flags, the country turns its thoughts and affection first of all toward those who died for her and then toward those who in her service struggled and suffered so much. Not one single act of courage or self-sacrifice of her sons and daughters, not one single hardship of her captive men and women, not one single bereavement and sacrifice, not one single tear will have been wasted in vain. In the national rejoicing and pride, the French people send brotherly greetings to their gallant Allies, who, like themselves and for the same cause, have sustained so many hardships over such a long period, to their heroic armies and to those commanding them, and to all those men and women who, throughout the world, fought, suffered and worked so that the cause of liberty and justice might ultimately prevail. Honor, eternal honor, to our armies and their leaders. Honor to our nation, which never faltered, even under terrible trials, nor gave in to them. Honor to the United Nations, which mingled their blood, their sorrows and their hopes with ours and who today are triumphant with us. Long live France!” Original audio recording of the speech is available for free on YouTube – CLICK HERE! Charles de Gaulle later became President of France (1959-1969) and is known as the greatest Frenchmen of all time (Le Plus Grand Français de tous les temps). This de Gaulle speech has been quoted as not only a beautiful speech but also very iconic. Nonetheless, whoever it may have been that made this historical speech for France, it’s fair to state that this document is the most important French document in modern times. And indeed, a high-end Second World War collectible. Size: Approximately 8.5 x 13.5 in. / 21,5 x 34 cm each, unframed. Condition: Good condition; handling creases; some kind of paper clip impression. Provenance: Private collection, France. Private collection, USA. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Price: Upon request, CLICK HERE!, Le Plus Grand Français de tous les temps, Size:, Condition:, Provenance:, Alexander Bitar Collectibles, Price:Read more

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HI&RM Emperor Napoleon I

Incredible pocket watch personally owned by the iconic Emperor! A gentleman's open face pocket watch, personally owned by HI&RM Emperor Napoleon I of France. The pocket watch is in silver and vermeil. The cover is engraved with an eagle on a cloud with a royal crown above the head, holding a branch in its beak, surrounded by detailed engravings. Features white enamel dial with Arabic figures, and a gold mechanism cover with the incredible engraving: “L'EMPEREUR AU DOCTEUR BARON DES GENETS 1812”, which is French for “The Emperor to the doctor Baron des Genets 1812” and simply indicates that the watch was given by Emperor Napoleon I in 1812. The watch was given to Baron René-Nicolas Dufriche Desgenettes in 1812. Desgenettes was responsible for leading the French Army's department of medicine during the Napoleonic era, and was highly regarded by Napoleon, who gave him the title of Baron of the French Empire in 1810. Desgenettes passed away in 1837 and the watch remained a property of his family. Between 1895 to 1920, Prince Louis II of Monaco famously collected artifacts with a connection to Emperor Napoleon I; this pocket watch was one of the items. The watch was owned by the royal family in Monaco until 2014 when it was sold, along with other collectibles to fund money to restore Palais Princier de Monaco. Size: Approximately 2.3 inches / 5,8 cm in diameter, with a weight of 108 grams. Condition: Fine vintage condition; the movement is not working but can be fixed; overall light scratching and tarnishing to the inside of the watch. Provenance: HI&RM Emperor Napoleon I of France; Baron René-Nicolas Dufriche Desgenettes; HSN Prince Louis II of Monaco; HSH Prince Rainier III of Monaco; HSH Prince Albert II of Monaco; Private collection, USA. Letter from Napoleon expert about the symbolic engraving. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Price: Private SOLD!, Incredible pocket watch personally owned by the iconic Emperor!, Incredible pocket watch personally owned by the iconic Emperor! A gentleman's open face pocket watch, personally owned by HI&RM Emperor Napoleon I of France. The pocket watch is in silver and vermeil. The cover is engraved with an eagle on a cloud with a royal crown above the head, holding a branch in its beak, surrounded by detailed engravings. Features white enamel dial with Arabic figures, and a gold mechanism cover with the incredible engraving: “L'EMPEREUR AU DOCTEUR BARON DES GENETS 1812”, which is French for “The Emperor to the doctor Baron des Genets 1812” and simply indicates that the watch was given by Emperor Napoleon I in 1812. The watch was given to Baron René-Nicolas Dufriche Desgenettes in 1812. Desgenettes was responsible for leading the French Army's department of medicine during the Napoleonic era, and was highly regarded by Napoleon, who gave him the title of Baron of the French Empire in 1810. Desgenettes passed away in 1837 and the watch remained a property of his family. Between 1895 to 1920, Prince Louis II of Monaco famously collected artifacts with a connection to Emperor Napoleon I; this pocket watch was one of the items. The watch was owned by the royal family in Monaco until 2014 when it was sold, along with other collectibles to fund money to restore Palais Princier de Monaco. Size: Approximately 2.3 inches / 5,8 cm in diameter, with a weight of 108 grams. Condition: Fine vintage condition; the movement is not working but can be fixed; overall light scratching and tarnishing to the inside of the watch. Provenance: HI&RM Emperor Napoleon I of France; Baron René-Nicolas Dufriche Desgenettes; HSN Prince Louis II of Monaco; HSH Prince Rainier III of Monaco; HSH Prince Albert II of Monaco; Private collection, USA. Letter from Napoleon expert about the symbolic engraving. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Price: Private SOLD!, Size:, Condition:, Provenance:, Alexander Bitar Collectibles, Price:, SOLD!Read more

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The Pope Collection

Never before has such an impressive papal collection been offered for sale... Four personally owned and used zucchetto's by four different Popes of the Roman Catholic Church. In order: H.H. Pope Pius X (pp. 1903-1914) H.H. Pope Pius XII (pp. 1939-1958) H.H. Pope Benedict XVI (pp. 2005-2013) H.H. Pope Francis (pp. 2013-) A Pope is often defined by his white outfit; a tradition started by Pope Innocent V in 1276. The single most important, significant and iconic part of the clothing is the small white hat, also known as a zucchetto or a calotte. From the moment he wakes up, until the moment he falls asleep, the white zucchetto is placed on the head of the Pope. The white zucchetto is a personal and private property of the Pope. It's indeed extremely uncommon for items like these to leave the Vatican. All four zucchetto's of this sale are accompanied with an individual exclusive mahogany box with red inner velvet pieces and gold details including a personalized gold-plated name sign on the outside of the box. Size: Approximately 6.5 to 7.5 in. / 16,5 to 18 cm in diameter for all four zucchetto's individually. Condition: All four zucchetto's are in used condition. The Pope Francis and the Pope Benedict XVI zucchetto's are in very good condition; with small pin holes, which are somewhat difficult to see. The Pope Pius XII and the Pope Pius X zucchetto's are slightly discolored on the inside due to heavily using; the latter has four miner hatches on the outside. Provenance: Pope Pius X: Certification from the Vatican dated 1911, written in French “Calotte portèe par Sa Saintetè Pie X” (English: "Used calotte by His Holiness Pius X"); Private collection, Italy; Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Pope Pius XII: Certification from the Vatican dated 1957, written in Italian “Lo Zucchetto bianco che viene consegnato con questo biglietto è stato usato da Sua Santità PIO XII, felicemente regnante” (English: "The white zucchetto that is accompanied with this card has been used by His Holiness Pius XII, reigning"); Private collection, USA; Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Pope Benedict XVI: Certification from the Vatican dated 2014, written i Italian “Si certifica che l’accluso zucchetto è stato portato da Sua Santità Benedetto XVI, Papa emirito” (English: "It is certified that the accompanied zucchetto was worn by His Holiness Benedict XVI, Pope Emeritus"); Private collection, Italy; Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Pope Francis: Certification from the Vatican dated 2015, written in Italian “Si certifica che l’accluso zucchetto è stato portato da Sua Santità, Papa Francesco” (English: "It is certified that the accompanied zucchetto was worn by His Holiness Pope Francis"); Private collection, Italy; Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Price: $150,000 USD Note that the majority of the proceeds of this sale will go to charity for children in need. Never before has such an impressive papal collection been offered for sale... Never before has such an impressive papal collection been offered for sale... Four personally owned and used zucchetto's by four different Popes of the Roman Catholic Church. In order: H.H. Pope Pius X (pp. 1903-1914) H.H. Pope Pius XII (pp. 1939-1958) H.H. Pope Benedict XVI (pp. 2005-2013) H.H. Pope Francis (pp. 2013-) A Pope is often defined by his white outfit; a tradition started by Pope Innocent V in 1276. The single most important, significant and iconic part of the clothing is the small white hat, also known as a zucchetto or a calotte. From the moment he wakes up, until the moment he falls asleep, the white zucchetto is placed on the head of the Pope. The white zucchetto is a personal and private property of the Pope. It's indeed extremely uncommon for items like these to leave the Vatican. All four zucchetto's of this sale are accompanied with an individual exclusive mahogany box with red inner velvet pieces and gold details including a personalized gold-plated name sign on the outside of the box. Size: Approximately 6.5 to 7.5 in. / 16,5 to 18 cm in diameter for all four zucchetto's individually. Condition: All four zucchetto's are in used condition. The Pope Francis and the Pope Benedict XVI zucchetto's are in very good condition; with small pin holes, which are somewhat difficult to see. The Pope Pius XII and the Pope Pius X zucchetto's are slightly discolored on the inside due to heavily using; the latter has four miner hatches on the outside. Provenance: Pope Pius X: Certification from the Vatican dated 1911, written in French “Calotte portèe par Sa Saintetè Pie X” (English: "Used calotte by His Holiness Pius X"); Private collection, Italy; Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Pope Pius XII: Certification from the Vatican dated 1957, written in Italian “Lo Zucchetto bianco che viene consegnato con questo biglietto è stato usato da Sua Santità PIO XII, felicemente regnante” (English: "The white zucchetto that is accompanied with this card has been used by His Holiness Pius XII, reigning"); Private collection, USA; Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Pope Benedict XVI: Certification from the Vatican dated 2014, written i Italian “Si certifica che l’accluso zucchetto è stato portato da Sua Santità Benedetto XVI, Papa emirito” (English: "It is certified that the accompanied zucchetto was worn by His Holiness Benedict XVI, Pope Emeritus"); Private collection, Italy; Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Pope Francis: Certification from the Vatican dated 2015, written in Italian “Si certifica che l’accluso zucchetto è stato portato da Sua Santità, Papa Francesco” (English: "It is certified that the accompanied zucchetto was worn by His Holiness Pope Francis"); Private collection, Italy; Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Price: $150,000 USD Note that the majority of the proceeds of this sale will go to charity for children in need. Size:, Condition:, Provenance:, Alexander Bitar Collectibles, Price:Read more

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The German Surrender Agreement

The most important document ever offered for sale... The German surrender agreement that ended the Second World War. Alexander Bitar Collectibles has the enormous honor and privilege to offer the document that ended the Second World War – the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany. CLICK HERE to see a part of a History Chanel documentary in which the surrender document is featured. Mr. Norman Polar, historian and author, explains – ”On May 6, Admiral Dönitz sent his army commander General Jodl and Admiral von Friedeburg to Eisenhower’s headquarters in Northern France to negotiate the surrender of all the German forces. The German delegation arrive, expecting to be treated as professionals to meet Eisenhower, possibly have coffee, certainly handshakes – and then discuss surrender terms. They were met by Eisenhower’s chief of staff who told them politely but firmly: ‘There are no terms, you will surrender unconditionally – period!’. The German delegation went back, told Dönitz, he realized that he had no choice. He went back and surrender documents were placed in front of them; they were told to sign. After the signing, Eisenhower did meet with them. There were no handshakes. Eisenhower asked them bluntly: ‘Do you understand the terms of this surrender’. Once they said: ‘Yes, we do’, he turned around and left. It had been a cruel, horrible and terrible war; and Eisenhower to his credit, in my opinion, was not about to treat them as gentlemen.” The document in full: [1] “Only this text in English is authoritative ACT OF MILITARY SURRENDER 1. We the undersigned, acting by authority of the German High Command, hereby surrender unconditionally to the Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force and simultaneously to the Supreme High Command of the Red Army all forces on land, at sea, and in the air who are at this date under German control. 2. The German High Command will at once issue orders to all German military, naval and air authorities and to all forces under German control to cease active operations at 23.01 hours Central European time on 08 May, to remain in all positions occupied at that time and to disarm completely, handing over their weapons and equipment to the local allied commanders or officers designated by Representatives of the Allied Supreme Commands. No ship, vessel, or aircraft is to be scuttled, or any damage done to their hull, machinery or equipment, and also to machines of all kinds, armament, apparatus, and all the technical means of prosecution of war in general. 3. The German High Command will at once issue to the appropriate commanders, and ensure the carrying out of any further orders issued by the Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force and by the Supreme Command of the Red Army. 4. This act of military surrender is without prejudice to, and will be superseded by any general instrument of surrender imposed by, or on behalf of the United Nations and applicable to GERMANY and the German armed forces as a whole.” [2] “5. In the event of the German High Command or any of the forces under their control failing to act in accordance with this Act of Surrender, the Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force and the Supreme High Command of the Red Army will take such punitive or other action as they deem appropriate. Signed at Rhemis France at 02.41 on the 7th day of May, 1945. On behalf of the German High Command. “Jodl” [signed by Col. Gen. Alfred Jodl] IN THE PRESENCE OF On behalf of the Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditioanry Force. “W. B Smith” [signed by Lieutenant general Walter Bedell Smith] On behalf of the Soviet High Command. “Sousloparov” [signed by Maj. Gen. Ivan Sousloparov] “F Sevez” [signed by Maj. Gen. Francois Sevez] This, the unconditional surrender of the German Third Reich was signed in the early morning hours of Monday, May 7, 1945; the time on the documents is noted as 02.41 hours, or 2:41 A.M. The scene was the war room at SHAEF (Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Force), located in the Professional and Technical School at Reims, a historic city in Northeastern France that had been almost completely leveled by the Germans during the war. Across the conference table, representatives of the four Allied Powers – France, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States – faced the three German officers delegated by Adm. Dönitz: Col. Gen. Alfred Jodl, who alone had been authorized to sign the surrender document; Gen. Adm. Hans Georg von Friedeburg, a chief negotiator; and Maj. Friedrich Wilhelm Oxenius, an aide to Jodl. Lt. Gen. Walter Bedell Smith, SHAEF chief of staff, led the Allied delegation as the representative of Gen. Eisenhower, who had refused to meet with the Germans until the surrender had been accomplished. Other American officers present were Maj. Gen. Harold R. Bull and Gen. Carl Spaatz. British observers were Adm. Sir Harold Burrough, Lt. Gen. Sir Fred Morgan (SHAEF deputy chief of staff), and Air Marshal J. M. Robb. Maj. Gen. Ivan Sousloparov, head of the Soviet mission to France, represented the Soviet High Command; he was accompanied by Lt. Ivan Chermiaev and Senior Lt. Col. Ivan Zenkovitch as interpreters. Representing the French chief of staff (Gen. Alphonse Pierre Juin) was Maj. Gen. Francois Sevez. Signers of the surrender document were Col. Gen. Alfred Jodl, on behalf of the German High Command; Lt. Gen. Walter Bedell Smith, representing Gen. Eisenhower; Maj. Gen. Ivan Sousloparov, fulfilling the Big Three agreement that a Soviet representative would take part in any ceremony of total surrender; and Maj. Gen. Francois Sevez, signing as a witness for France. It’s interesting to note that the signature of the French representative was made in the lower margin of the document. This appears to be the case both on the original, issued to the Supreme Allied Commander, Dwight D. Eisenhower, and on the American, British and Russian national copies. It’s been verbally passed down that the Germans did not consider the French as an equal to the Americans, British and Russians (as they had defeated France), thus insisted that their signature would not appear, except in the margin. Along with the surrender document, another document signed at the same time is also included. The second document is an agreement for formal ratification of the unconditional surrender at a later date, to be specified by Gen. Eisenhower in his capacity as Supreme Commander, which is signed by Col. Gen. Alfred Jodl. The document in full: “UNDERTAKING GIVEN BY CERTAIN GERMAN EMISSARIES TO THE ALLIED HIGH COMMANDS It is agreed by the German emissaries undersigned that the following German officers will arrive at a place and time designated by the Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force, and the Soviet High Command prepared, with plenary powers, to execute a formal ratification on behalf of the German High Command of this act of Unconditional Surrender of the German armed forces. Chief of the High Command Commander-in-Chief of the Army Commander-in-Chief of the Navy Commander-in-Chief of the Air Forces SIGNED “Jodl” [signed by Col. Gen. Alfred Jodl] Representing the German High Command. DATED 02 41 7th May 1945 Rheims, France” There’s a total of five copies of the surrender document; one of which is the document offered here, the other four are owned by various institutions in the U.S., England, Russia and France. The American national copy is owned by the National Archives, who also are aware of the existence of the document offered here. When the upcoming generations will summarize the 20th century – they will do so by referring to the Second World War. A historic event that forever changed the world. The document that ended the Second World War is not only the ultimate military/war-related collectible, but it’s also the most important document ever to be offered for sale. This is the definition of a once-in-a-lifetime-opportunity… What happened between 1939 and 1945 is simply horrible, and heartbreaking – very much so. Approximately 80 million human beings died, both military and civilians. 80 million… This surrender document demonstrate that evilness lost – and humanity won. Size: Approximately 8.5 x 13 in. / 21,5 x 33 cm each, unframed. Condition: Very good condition; some handling creases; paper clip impression. Provenance: President Dwight E. Eisenhower (then General and Supreme Allied Commander) who gave his copy to his adjutant whose estate this document later was obtained from; Private collection, USA. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Price: Upon request, The most important document ever offered for sale... The German surrender agreement that ended the Second World War. Alexander Bitar Collectibles, The most important document ever offered for sale... The German surrender agreement that ended the Second World War. Alexander Bitar Collectibles has the enormous honor and privilege to offer the document that ended the Second World War – the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany. CLICK HERE to see a part of a History Chanel documentary in which the surrender document is featured. Mr. Norman Polar, historian and author, explains – ”On May 6, Admiral Dönitz sent his army commander General Jodl and Admiral von Friedeburg to Eisenhower’s headquarters in Northern France to negotiate the surrender of all the German forces. The German delegation arrive, expecting to be treated as professionals to meet Eisenhower, possibly have coffee, certainly handshakes – and then discuss surrender terms. They were met by Eisenhower’s chief of staff who told them politely but firmly: ‘There are no terms, you will surrender unconditionally – period!’. The German delegation went back, told Dönitz, he realized that he had no choice. He went back and surrender documents were placed in front of them; they were told to sign. After the signing, Eisenhower did meet with them. There were no handshakes. Eisenhower asked them bluntly: ‘Do you understand the terms of this surrender’. Once they said: ‘Yes, we do’, he turned around and left. It had been a cruel, horrible and terrible war; and Eisenhower to his credit, in my opinion, was not about to treat them as gentlemen.” The document in full: [1] “Only this text in English is authoritative ACT OF MILITARY SURRENDER 1. We the undersigned, acting by authority of the German High Command, hereby surrender unconditionally to the Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force and simultaneously to the Supreme High Command of the Red Army all forces on land, at sea, and in the air who are at this date under German control. 2. The German High Command will at once issue orders to all German military, naval and air authorities and to all forces under German control to cease active operations at 23.01 hours Central European time on 08 May, to remain in all positions occupied at that time and to disarm completely, handing over their weapons and equipment to the local allied commanders or officers designated by Representatives of the Allied Supreme Commands. No ship, vessel, or aircraft is to be scuttled, or any damage done to their hull, machinery or equipment, and also to machines of all kinds, armament, apparatus, and all the technical means of prosecution of war in general. 3. The German High Command will at once issue to the appropriate commanders, and ensure the carrying out of any further orders issued by the Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force and by the Supreme Command of the Red Army. 4. This act of military surrender is without prejudice to, and will be superseded by any general instrument of surrender imposed by, or on behalf of the United Nations and applicable to GERMANY and the German armed forces as a whole.” [2] “5. In the event of the German High Command or any of the forces under their control failing to act in accordance with this Act of Surrender, the Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force and the Supreme High Command of the Red Army will take such punitive or other action as they deem appropriate. Signed at Rhemis France at 02.41 on the 7th day of May, 1945. On behalf of the German High Command. “Jodl” [signed by Col. Gen. Alfred Jodl] IN THE PRESENCE OF On behalf of the Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditioanry Force. “W. B Smith” [signed by Lieutenant general Walter Bedell Smith] On behalf of the Soviet High Command. “Sousloparov” [signed by Maj. Gen. Ivan Sousloparov] “F Sevez” [signed by Maj. Gen. Francois Sevez] This, the unconditional surrender of the German Third Reich was signed in the early morning hours of Monday, May 7, 1945; the time on the documents is noted as 02.41 hours, or 2:41 A.M. The scene was the war room at SHAEF (Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Force), located in the Professional and Technical School at Reims, a historic city in Northeastern France that had been almost completely leveled by the Germans during the war. Across the conference table, representatives of the four Allied Powers – France, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States – faced the three German officers delegated by Adm. Dönitz: Col. Gen. Alfred Jodl, who alone had been authorized to sign the surrender document; Gen. Adm. Hans Georg von Friedeburg, a chief negotiator; and Maj. Friedrich Wilhelm Oxenius, an aide to Jodl. Lt. Gen. Walter Bedell Smith, SHAEF chief of staff, led the Allied delegation as the representative of Gen. Eisenhower, who had refused to meet with the Germans until the surrender had been accomplished. Other American officers present were Maj. Gen. Harold R. Bull and Gen. Carl Spaatz. British observers were Adm. Sir Harold Burrough, Lt. Gen. Sir Fred Morgan (SHAEF deputy chief of staff), and Air Marshal J. M. Robb. Maj. Gen. Ivan Sousloparov, head of the Soviet mission to France, represented the Soviet High Command; he was accompanied by Lt. Ivan Chermiaev and Senior Lt. Col. Ivan Zenkovitch as interpreters. Representing the French chief of staff (Gen. Alphonse Pierre Juin) was Maj. Gen. Francois Sevez. Signers of the surrender document were Col. Gen. Alfred Jodl, on behalf of the German High Command; Lt. Gen. Walter Bedell Smith, representing Gen. Eisenhower; Maj. Gen. Ivan Sousloparov, fulfilling the Big Three agreement that a Soviet representative would take part in any ceremony of total surrender; and Maj. Gen. Francois Sevez, signing as a witness for France. It’s interesting to note that the signature of the French representative was made in the lower margin of the document. This appears to be the case both on the original, issued to the Supreme Allied Commander, Dwight D. Eisenhower, and on the American, British and Russian national copies. It’s been verbally passed down that the Germans did not consider the French as an equal to the Americans, British and Russians (as they had defeated France), thus insisted that their signature would not appear, except in the margin. Along with the surrender document, another document signed at the same time is also included. The second document is an agreement for formal ratification of the unconditional surrender at a later date, to be specified by Gen. Eisenhower in his capacity as Supreme Commander, which is signed by Col. Gen. Alfred Jodl. The document in full: “UNDERTAKING GIVEN BY CERTAIN GERMAN EMISSARIES TO THE ALLIED HIGH COMMANDS It is agreed by the German emissaries undersigned that the following German officers will arrive at a place and time designated by the Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force, and the Soviet High Command prepared, with plenary powers, to execute a formal ratification on behalf of the German High Command of this act of Unconditional Surrender of the German armed forces. Chief of the High Command Commander-in-Chief of the Army Commander-in-Chief of the Navy Commander-in-Chief of the Air Forces SIGNED “Jodl” [signed by Col. Gen. Alfred Jodl] Representing the German High Command. DATED 02 41 7th May 1945 Rheims, France” There’s a total of five copies of the surrender document; one of which is the document offered here, the other four are owned by various institutions in the U.S., England, Russia and France. The American national copy is owned by the National Archives, who also are aware of the existence of the document offered here. When the upcoming generations will summarize the 20th century – they will do so by referring to the Second World War. A historic event that forever changed the world. The document that ended the Second World War is not only the ultimate military/war-related collectible, but it’s also the most important document ever to be offered for sale. This is the definition of a once-in-a-lifetime-opportunity… What happened between 1939 and 1945 is simply horrible, and heartbreaking – very much so. Approximately 80 million human beings died, both military and civilians. 80 million… This surrender document demonstrate that evilness lost – and humanity won. Size: Approximately 8.5 x 13 in. / 21,5 x 33 cm each, unframed. Condition: Very good condition; some handling creases; paper clip impression. Provenance: President Dwight E. Eisenhower (then General and Supreme Allied Commander) who gave his copy to his adjutant whose estate this document later was obtained from; Private collection, USA. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Price: Upon request, CLICK HERE, Size:, Condition:, Provenance:, Price:Read more

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Winston Churchill

Signed photograph by Winston Churchill, inscribed to "his friend" Joseph Stalin! Matte black and white mounted photograph of Winston Churchill. Signed and inscribed on the mount: "From his Friend Winston S. Churchill, September 1944 To Marshal & Premier Stalin who at the head of the Russian Armies & of the Soviet Government broke the main strength of the German military machine & helped us all to open paths to Peace, Justice & Freedom.” At the time on the signing, September 1944, Germany's defeat was in sight. Churchill returned to London in late September 1944 after being located in North America for the Second Quebec Conference. Two weeks after, Churchill would meet with Stalin and other Soviet and U.S. leaders during the Fourth Moscow Conference, which was probably when Stalin would have received this item. However, the back side of this photograph reads: "This photograph was inscribed by the P.M. for Stalin but it was then found that the silver frame for which it was destined obscured the inscription. He therefore rewrote it on another photograph and gave me this one. JRC". Meaning that this signed and inscribed photograph was never given to Stalin, but instead to Churchill's private secretary Sir John Colville. This is arguably one of the most spectacular signed materials related to the Second World War. An inscribed photograph from and to one of the "Big Three" (Churchill, Stalin and Roosevelt) is incredibly significant! Size: Approximately 11 x 14 in. / 28 x 35 cm, unframed. Condition: Very good condition, somewhat creased margins. Provenance: Sir John Colville; Private collection, USA. Letter of authenticity from PSA/DNA. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Price: Upon request, Signed photograph by Winston, Churchill, inscribed to "his friend" Joseph Stalin!, Signed photograph by Winston Churchill, inscribed to "his friend" Joseph Stalin! Matte black and white mounted photograph of Winston Churchill. Signed and inscribed on the mount: "From his Friend Winston S. Churchill, September 1944 To Marshal & Premier Stalin who at the head of the Russian Armies & of the Soviet Government broke the main strength of the German military machine & helped us all to open paths to Peace, Justice & Freedom.” At the time on the signing, September 1944, Germany's defeat was in sight. Churchill returned to London in late September 1944 after being located in North America for the Second Quebec Conference. Two weeks after, Churchill would meet with Stalin and other Soviet and U.S. leaders during the Fourth Moscow Conference, which was probably when Stalin would have received this item. However, the back side of this photograph reads: "This photograph was inscribed by the P.M. for Stalin but it was then found that the silver frame for which it was destined obscured the inscription. He therefore rewrote it on another photograph and gave me this one. JRC". Meaning that this signed and inscribed photograph was never given to Stalin, but instead to Churchill's private secretary Sir John Colville. This is arguably one of the most spectacular signed materials related to the Second World War. An inscribed photograph from and to one of the "Big Three" (Churchill, Stalin and Roosevelt) is incredibly significant! Size: Approximately 11 x 14 in. / 28 x 35 cm, unframed. Condition: Very good condition, somewhat creased margins. Provenance: Sir John Colville; Private collection, USA. Letter of authenticity from PSA/DNA. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Price: Upon request, Size:, Condition:, Provenance:, Alexander Bitar Collectibles, Price:Read more

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H.M. King Gustav Vasa

The single most important and significant Swedish letter that's ever been offered for sale! ​ Signed letter by H.M. King Gustav Vasa of Sweden. Written in Latin in 1556, addressed to H.M. Queen Mary I of England, in regard of sending two ambassadors who will argue for a cessation of English trade with Russia and, instead, for a resumption of trade with Sweden. At the time when the letter was written, Sweden was in war with Russia – The Russo-Swedish War (1554–1557) – who was ruled by Tsar Ivan IV of Russia, also known as “Ivan the Terrible”. The letter in full, translated in English from Latin: “Gustavus, by the grace of God, King of the Swedes, Goths and Vandals, to the Most Serene lady Mary of England, France and Ireland, with the same grace of God our dearest Queen of Germany, wishes health and the greatest felicity, and if anything, good in addition, blessing from God Almighty so he could grant what is prayed for and desired. Most Illustrious Sovereign, dearest German Lady, we sent to your Serenity, under determined circumstances with knowledge of our affairs, trustworthy and apt, as well as in the first place esteemed & kind, our devoted ministers. Doctor Arnold Rosenberger, skillful jurist, & Martin Helfring our secretary, to whom we entrusted our affairs so they would present and uncover them in our name to Your Serenity. For this reason, in brotherly and friendly way we ask Your Serenity, so that in all things, that they in our name to Your Serenity announce, to have the same faith, which we have. So we have addressed the heart of Your Serenity, that we in similar or greater things, where in such way occasion was given, won’t burden Your Serenity again. To God Almighty we entrust the health and felicity of Your Serenity. Sent from our royal castle Gripsholm, September 9, in the year of our Lord 1556.” Signed materials by H.M. King Gustav Vasa are extremely uncommon, yet highly sought-after. Note that the letter also bears the seal of H.M. King Gustav Vasa which is placed below the signature. There are only nine signatures known to exist by Gustav Vasa, making this one of the nine. However, this is not only a signature, nor a signed document with a somewhat uninteresting content; this is a signed letter with absolutely incredible content! Size: Approximately 8.25 x 12.75 in. / 21 x 32 cm, unframed. Condition: Fine condition; toning and soiling creases; horizontal and vertical folds; ragged on the left and lower side. Provenance: Private collection, Sweden; Private collection, USA. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Price: Upon request, The single most important and significant Swedish letter that's ever been offered for sale!, The single most important and significant Swedish letter that's ever been offered for sale! ​ Signed letter by H.M. King Gustav Vasa of Sweden. Written in Latin in 1556, addressed to H.M. Queen Mary I of England, in regard of sending two ambassadors who will argue for a cessation of English trade with Russia and, instead, for a resumption of trade with Sweden. At the time when the letter was written, Sweden was in war with Russia – The Russo-Swedish War (1554–1557) – who was ruled by Tsar Ivan IV of Russia, also known as “Ivan the Terrible”. The letter in full, translated in English from Latin: “Gustavus, by the grace of God, King of the Swedes, Goths and Vandals, to the Most Serene lady Mary of England, France and Ireland, with the same grace of God our dearest Queen of Germany, wishes health and the greatest felicity, and if anything, good in addition, blessing from God Almighty so he could grant what is prayed for and desired. Most Illustrious Sovereign, dearest German Lady, we sent to your Serenity, under determined circumstances with knowledge of our affairs, trustworthy and apt, as well as in the first place esteemed & kind, our devoted ministers. Doctor Arnold Rosenberger, skillful jurist, & Martin Helfring our secretary, to whom we entrusted our affairs so they would present and uncover them in our name to Your Serenity. For this reason, in brotherly and friendly way we ask Your Serenity, so that in all things, that they in our name to Your Serenity announce, to have the same faith, which we have. So we have addressed the heart of Your Serenity, that we in similar or greater things, where in such way occasion was given, won’t burden Your Serenity again. To God Almighty we entrust the health and felicity of Your Serenity. Sent from our royal castle Gripsholm, September 9, in the year of our Lord 1556.” Signed materials by H.M. King Gustav Vasa are extremely uncommon, yet highly sought-after. Note that the letter also bears the seal of H.M. King Gustav Vasa which is placed below the signature. There are only nine signatures known to exist by Gustav Vasa, making this one of the nine. However, this is not only a signature, nor a signed document with a somewhat uninteresting content; this is a signed letter with absolutely incredible content! Size: Approximately 8.25 x 12.75 in. / 21 x 32 cm, unframed. Condition: Fine condition; toning and soiling creases; horizontal and vertical folds; ragged on the left and lower side. Provenance: Private collection, Sweden; Private collection, USA. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Price: Upon request, The Russo-Swedish War, Size:, Condition:, Provenance:, Alexander Bitar Collectibles, Price:Read more

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Albert Einstein

In his very first (!) published work as a Nobel Prize recipient, Einstein incorporate a variant of his 1915 The General Theory of Relativity. Handwritten manuscript in German (signed "Einstein’schen" in the title). Headed (translated), "Comment on E. Trefftz's Paper: 'The Static Gravitational Field of Two Mass Points in Einstein's Theory," the paper was presented on November 23, 1922, to the Berlin-based Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences, who published the work on December 21, 1922. The present manuscript was probably a draft used for typesetting, as it contains several handwritten editor's annotations in pencil which were executed in the published version. This was Einstein's very first paper, published after he received the Nobel Prize on December 10, 1922. CLICK HERE for a full transcript of the manuscript (in German). CLICK HERE for a full translation of the manuscript (in English). In total, the following equations are written in the manuscript. 1. Rik –1/4gikR = 0 1a. (Rik – 1/2gikR) – λgik = 0 2. ds2 = f4(x)dt2 – [dx2 + f2(x)(dθ2 + sin2θdφ2)] 3. x = ∫ dw / √1 + A/w + Bw2 f2 = w2 f4 =C2 (1+A/w+Bw2) 4. (2+3) ds2 =(1+A/w+Bw2)dt2 –dw2/1+A/w+Bw2 – w2 (dθ2 + sin2θdφ2) 5. dw/dx=√1+A/w+Bw2 =0 The manuscript is Einstein's criticism of a paper in which the author, Erich Trefftz, claimed to have found a static solution of the equations of general relativity for two point masses; Einstein points out that such a conclusion is based on an error. Featuring several mathematical equations—including a modified form of his General Theory of Relativity—Einstein's manuscript reads, in part (translated): "The author grounds his analysis on the field equations in vacuo, Rik –1/4gikR = 0 (1), which are equivalent to the equations: (Rik – 1/2gikR) – λgik = 0 (1a), as is easily proved by reducing (1a). The author believes he has found a solution that has a spherical connection in space and except for the two masses no singularity, also not containing any other masses. In view of the importance of the problem to the cosmological issue, i.e., the question of the large-scale geometrical structure of the universe, I was interested to know whether the equations really did yield as a physical possibility a static universe whose material mass was concentrated in just two celestial bodies. It became apparent, however, that Trefftz's solution does not permit this physical interpretation at all. This will be demonstrated in the following. Mr. Trefftz sets out the assumption for the (four-dimensional) line element: ds2 = f4(x)dt2 – [dx2 + f2(x)(dθ2 + sin2θdφ2)] (2). This assumption corresponds to a space of spherical symmetry around the origin. The special case f4 = const; f2 = x2 would correspond to the Euclidean-Galilean isotropic and homogeneous space." Einstein goes on to identify that, according to a general solution proposed by Trefftz, "for negative A and vanishing B this yields the well-known Schwarzschild solution for the field of a material point." The manuscript breaks off mid-sentence at the end of the second page, and is missing three-and-a-half concluding lines found in the published version; copies of the paper as published, in both German and English, are included. Most significantly, this manuscript contains a handwritten version of Einstein's General Theory of Relativity, incorporating a cosmological constant: “(Rik – 1/2gikR) – λgik = 0”.
In 1915, Einstein made his groundbreaking achievement with the introduction of the General Theory of Relativity. The heart of the theory, where the generally covariant field equations of gravitation, is written in the form: ‘Rik – 1/2gikR = - kTik.' In 1917, Einstein applied his equations to the problem of explaining the structure of the cosmos on a large scale and found that he would need to modify his equations by adding another term, containing a constant, which he denoted λ and called 'cosmological.' This cosmological constant relied on a static universe; upon the later discovery that the universe was expanding, Einstein reportedly called this the greatest blunder of his career. With the famous cosmological constant and for the special case of a vacuum, where the energy-momentum tensor 'Tik' vanishes, Einstein’s gravitational field equations read "( Rik – 1/2gikR) – λgik = 0," which is the equation cited as "(1a)" in the present manuscript. By a mathematical operation called contraction, equation "(1a)" implies that λ = - R/4 in the case of a vacuum. Substituting this expression for λ into equation (1a), one obtains the equation "Rik – 1⁄4 gikR = 0," which is given as equation "(1)" in the present manuscript. It was advanced by Einstein in a 1919 paper as a candidate for a slightly modified field equation to account both for the structure of matter and for cosmological structure. The manuscript was presented on November 23 1922 by Albert Einstein and was later published on December 21 1922 by the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences (German: Königlich-Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften). The Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences was an academic academy established in Berlin on 11 July 1700; Albert Einstein became a member of the academy in 1914. Max von Laue, German physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1914 for his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals, became a corresponding member of the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences in 1919. Two years later von Laue became regular member of the academy. In other words, von Laue was highly involved in the academy. It is truly remarkable that this manuscript has been owned by two Nobel Prize winners in Physics (von Laue in 1914 and Einstein in 1921). There are many attributes that makes this manuscript truly high-end and remarkable. The very important scientific content, and the enormously significant date within the context of Einstein's career makes this item stands out from all other incredible Einstein manuscripts. This is arguably one of the most important Einstein papers in existence! Size: Approximately 8.1 x 10.2 inches / 20,5 x 26 cm each, unframed. Condition: Fine condition; folded, both horizontal and vertical, with some separation along the folds of the horizontal fold on the first page; impression of a paperclip mark in the upper left corner of both pages; overall scattered staining. Provenance: Albert Einstein, 1922; Max von Laue, Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences, 1922–1948; Alexander Dingas, 1948–1964; G. Schrupf, 1964–1980s; Private collection, Germany, 1980s–2016. Letter of provenance by Dingas, dated April 12, 1964, in part (translated): "Einstein – Manuscript, given by Mr. v. Laue, 1948 in Gottingen, Alex. Dingas. For Miss G. Schrupf. To be used in any way, possibly even for sale". Letter of authenticity from Universal Archives/John Reznikoff. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Price: $275,000 USD, In his very first (!) published work as a Nobel Prize recipient, Einstein incorporate a variant of his 1915 The General Theory of Relativity. The General Theory of Relativity, In his very first (!) published work as a Nobel Prize recipient, Einstein incorporate a variant of his 1915 The General Theory of Relativity. Handwritten manuscript in German (signed "Einstein’schen" in the title). Headed (translated), "Comment on E. Trefftz's Paper: 'The Static Gravitational Field of Two Mass Points in Einstein's Theory," the paper was presented on November 23, 1922, to the Berlin-based Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences, who published the work on December 21, 1922. The present manuscript was probably a draft used for typesetting, as it contains several handwritten editor's annotations in pencil which were executed in the published version. This was Einstein's very first paper, published after he received the Nobel Prize on December 10, 1922. CLICK HERE for a full transcript of the manuscript (in German). CLICK HERE for a full translation of the manuscript (in English). In total, the following equations are written in the manuscript. 1. Rik –1/4gikR = 0 1a. (Rik – 1/2gikR) – λgik = 0 2. ds2 = f4(x)dt2 – [dx2 + f2(x)(dθ2 + sin2θdφ2)] 3. x = ∫ dw / √1 + A/w + Bw2 f2 = w2 f4 =C2 (1+A/w+Bw2) 4. (2+3) ds2 =(1+A/w+Bw2)dt2 –dw2/1+A/w+Bw2 – w2 (dθ2 + sin2θdφ2) 5. dw/dx=√1+A/w+Bw2 =0 The manuscript is Einstein's criticism of a paper in which the author, Erich Trefftz, claimed to have found a static solution of the equations of general relativity for two point masses; Einstein points out that such a conclusion is based on an error. Featuring several mathematical equations—including a modified form of his General Theory of Relativity—Einstein's manuscript reads, in part (translated): "The author grounds his analysis on the field equations in vacuo, Rik –1/4gikR = 0 (1), which are equivalent to the equations: (Rik – 1/2gikR) – λgik = 0 (1a), as is easily proved by reducing (1a). The author believes he has found a solution that has a spherical connection in space and except for the two masses no singularity, also not containing any other masses. In view of the importance of the problem to the cosmological issue, i.e., the question of the large-scale geometrical structure of the universe, I was interested to know whether the equations really did yield as a physical possibility a static universe whose material mass was concentrated in just two celestial bodies. It became apparent, however, that Trefftz's solution does not permit this physical interpretation at all. This will be demonstrated in the following. Mr. Trefftz sets out the assumption for the (four-dimensional) line element: ds2 = f4(x)dt2 – [dx2 + f2(x)(dθ2 + sin2θdφ2)] (2). This assumption corresponds to a space of spherical symmetry around the origin. The special case f4 = const; f2 = x2 would correspond to the Euclidean-Galilean isotropic and homogeneous space." Einstein goes on to identify that, according to a general solution proposed by Trefftz, "for negative A and vanishing B this yields the well-known Schwarzschild solution for the field of a material point." The manuscript breaks off mid-sentence at the end of the second page, and is missing three-and-a-half concluding lines found in the published version; copies of the paper as published, in both German and English, are included. Most significantly, this manuscript contains a handwritten version of Einstein's General Theory of Relativity, incorporating a cosmological constant: “(Rik – 1/2gikR) – λgik = 0”.
In 1915, Einstein made his groundbreaking achievement with the introduction of the General Theory of Relativity. The heart of the theory, where the generally covariant field equations of gravitation, is written in the form: ‘Rik – 1/2gikR = - kTik.' In 1917, Einstein applied his equations to the problem of explaining the structure of the cosmos on a large scale and found that he would need to modify his equations by adding another term, containing a constant, which he denoted λ and called 'cosmological.' This cosmological constant relied on a static universe; upon the later discovery that the universe was expanding, Einstein reportedly called this the greatest blunder of his career. With the famous cosmological constant and for the special case of a vacuum, where the energy-momentum tensor 'Tik' vanishes, Einstein’s gravitational field equations read "( Rik – 1/2gikR) – λgik = 0," which is the equation cited as "(1a)" in the present manuscript. By a mathematical operation called contraction, equation "(1a)" implies that λ = - R/4 in the case of a vacuum. Substituting this expression for λ into equation (1a), one obtains the equation "Rik – 1⁄4 gikR = 0," which is given as equation "(1)" in the present manuscript. It was advanced by Einstein in a 1919 paper as a candidate for a slightly modified field equation to account both for the structure of matter and for cosmological structure. The manuscript was presented on November 23 1922 by Albert Einstein and was later published on December 21 1922 by the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences (German: Königlich-Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften). The Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences was an academic academy established in Berlin on 11 July 1700; Albert Einstein became a member of the academy in 1914. Max von Laue, German physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1914 for his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals, became a corresponding member of the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences in 1919. Two years later von Laue became regular member of the academy. In other words, von Laue was highly involved in the academy. It is truly remarkable that this manuscript has been owned by two Nobel Prize winners in Physics (von Laue in 1914 and Einstein in 1921). There are many attributes that makes this manuscript truly high-end and remarkable. The very important scientific content, and the enormously significant date within the context of Einstein's career makes this item stands out from all other incredible Einstein manuscripts. This is arguably one of the most important Einstein papers in existence! Size: Approximately 8.1 x 10.2 inches / 20,5 x 26 cm each, unframed. Condition: Fine condition; folded, both horizontal and vertical, with some separation along the folds of the horizontal fold on the first page; impression of a paperclip mark in the upper left corner of both pages; overall scattered staining. Provenance: Albert Einstein, 1922; Max von Laue, Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences, 1922–1948; Alexander Dingas, 1948–1964; G. Schrupf, 1964–1980s; Private collection, Germany, 1980s–2016. Letter of provenance by Dingas, dated April 12, 1964, in part (translated): "Einstein – Manuscript, given by Mr. v. Laue, 1948 in Gottingen, Alex. Dingas. For Miss G. Schrupf. To be used in any way, possibly even for sale". Letter of authenticity from Universal Archives/John Reznikoff. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Price: $275,000 USD, CLICK HERE, 1. ik, 1a. 2. 2, 4, 3. 4. (2+3), 5. Königlich-Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften), Size:, Condition:, Provenance:, Alexander Bitar Collectibles, Price:Read more

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Albert Einstein

Remarkable letter incorporating his thoughts about Nazi Germany… Handwritten and signed letter by Albert Einstein with extraordinary content regarding the German's continued "attachment to Nazi-dom", the destructive nature of humanity, and American culture post the Second World War, including its "imperialism and military psychology" as well its "intellectual theft". The letter, dated January 22 1945, is written to Einstein’s friend Otto Juliusburger, who was a Jewish-German psychiatrist that emigrated to the United States during World War II. The letter in full: "Dear Friend, I thank you today for your kind wishes and send you mine, somewhat shamefully late, but still, you can say, at the start of the year. At one point I had a correspondence with [philosopher and scientist Josef] Popper-Lynkeus that in a way I feel ashamed of. In it, I criticized his concept of a 'duty to provide subsistence' as being impractical, and I am afraid that criticism was not good. I did agree with him that protecting the individual from material want was an undeniable and important duty of society, but believed that interference of such magnitude into the freedom of the individual was not desirable and not warranted for the attainment of the goal. In doing so, I totally failed to recognize the high instructive value of such a development, which would, after all, be the exact opposite of society's requiring military duty, even concerning the instructive impact. You propose classes in social-ethics instruction. No doubt, that would be good, but talk remains talk and tends to ossify. Action has greater impact. I can well imagine how excited you are that your research results in pernicious anemia and somatic treatment of psychological illnesses have been accepted. You did not mention the people here. Small surprise there since intellectual theft is one of the hallowed traditions of this blessed country, which is well-known to the initiated. It adorns the thief while also helping overcome the inferiority complex that still operates under the surface. The Germans have not succeeded in concealing their attachment to Nazi-dom. I hope that will cause others to destroy the German danger more radically than after the last war - so that jealousy of the victors will not result again in rivalry for the German confederation. Mankind in the mass is a fatal beast about which you can never tell when and where it will destructively pounce. Victory has not been good for those here, as imperialism and military psychology have taken hold. And yet one cannot be grateful enough for that victory. Enjoy your days compiling your works. To you and your dear wife I wish happy and harmonious days. Warmly, A. Einstein". An additional postscript written vertically in the left margin reads: ""Have you heard that our dear [Gustav Peter] Bucky narrowly escaped death thanks to surgery performed at the last minute? Apparently it was a case of medically adventurous proportions (obstruction of stomach and intestines caused by an interior hernia). [Rudolph] Nissen's surgery must have been the accomplishment of a genius." This is truly a remarkable letter by Einstein in which he explains his thoughts about Nazi Germany. It’s seldom to see such a personal letter by the great scientist. Size: Approximately 8.5 x 11 in. / 22 x 28 cm, unframed. Condition: Very good condition; two horizontal folds. Provenance: Private collection, USA. Letter of authenticity from Universal Archives/John Reznikoff. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Price: Private SOLD!, Remarkable letter incorporating his thoughts about Nazi Germany…, Remarkable letter incorporating his thoughts about Nazi Germany… Handwritten and signed letter by Albert Einstein with extraordinary content regarding the German's continued "attachment to Nazi-dom", the destructive nature of humanity, and American culture post the Second World War, including its "imperialism and military psychology" as well its "intellectual theft". The letter, dated January 22 1945, is written to Einstein’s friend Otto Juliusburger, who was a Jewish-German psychiatrist that emigrated to the United States during World War II. The letter in full: "Dear Friend, I thank you today for your kind wishes and send you mine, somewhat shamefully late, but still, you can say, at the start of the year. At one point I had a correspondence with [philosopher and scientist Josef] Popper-Lynkeus that in a way I feel ashamed of. In it, I criticized his concept of a 'duty to provide subsistence' as being impractical, and I am afraid that criticism was not good. I did agree with him that protecting the individual from material want was an undeniable and important duty of society, but believed that interference of such magnitude into the freedom of the individual was not desirable and not warranted for the attainment of the goal. In doing so, I totally failed to recognize the high instructive value of such a development, which would, after all, be the exact opposite of society's requiring military duty, even concerning the instructive impact. You propose classes in social-ethics instruction. No doubt, that would be good, but talk remains talk and tends to ossify. Action has greater impact. I can well imagine how excited you are that your research results in pernicious anemia and somatic treatment of psychological illnesses have been accepted. You did not mention the people here. Small surprise there since intellectual theft is one of the hallowed traditions of this blessed country, which is well-known to the initiated. It adorns the thief while also helping overcome the inferiority complex that still operates under the surface. The Germans have not succeeded in concealing their attachment to Nazi-dom. I hope that will cause others to destroy the German danger more radically than after the last war - so that jealousy of the victors will not result again in rivalry for the German confederation. Mankind in the mass is a fatal beast about which you can never tell when and where it will destructively pounce. Victory has not been good for those here, as imperialism and military psychology have taken hold. And yet one cannot be grateful enough for that victory. Enjoy your days compiling your works. To you and your dear wife I wish happy and harmonious days. Warmly, A. Einstein". An additional postscript written vertically in the left margin reads: ""Have you heard that our dear [Gustav Peter] Bucky narrowly escaped death thanks to surgery performed at the last minute? Apparently it was a case of medically adventurous proportions (obstruction of stomach and intestines caused by an interior hernia). [Rudolph] Nissen's surgery must have been the accomplishment of a genius." This is truly a remarkable letter by Einstein in which he explains his thoughts about Nazi Germany. It’s seldom to see such a personal letter by the great scientist. Size: Approximately 8.5 x 11 in. / 22 x 28 cm, unframed. Condition: Very good condition; two horizontal folds. Provenance: Private collection, USA. Letter of authenticity from Universal Archives/John Reznikoff. Letter of authenticity from Alexander Bitar Collectibles. Price: Private SOLD!, Size:, Condition:, Provenance:, Alexander Bitar Collectibles, Price:, SOLD!Read more

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