Wassily Kandinsky (1866–1944) Russia

Wassily Kandinsky was born on December 16, 1866 in Moscow, Russia. Kandinsky is considered to be the foremost advocate of abstract art. Through studies in art theory and by developing a personal painting style, he created the art form known as abstract expressionism. His paintings are mainly characterized by strong and symbolic colors. Color was liberated from form and he developed his art into almost a formal geometry.

Kandinsky was active as an artist in both Munich and Paris. Along with Franz Marc, he formed the artist group Der Blaue Reiter in 1911. Three years later, at the outbreak of the First World War, he returned to Russia where he led a revitalization of the Russian art scene. He did not remain in his native country for long. As the cultural climate swung in 1921, he decided to leave Russia once again and returned to Germany.

In Germany Kandinsky worked as a Professor at Bauhaus from 1922 to 1933. During this period he produced about 160 oil paintings and 300 watercolors. Most of these paintings were destroyed since Kandinsky's art, like that of so many other artists during this period, did not appeal to Nazi tastes. When Hitler assumed power

Kandinsky left Germany, and returned to Paris, where he lived until his death on December 13, 1944.