Marc Chagall (1887-1985) Belarus

Marc Chagall, from Belarus, was one of the most prominent figures of modern art. Cubism, Futurism and Expressionism influenced his artistic style and his way of refashioning reality is thought to have heralded Surrealism, as a new spectrum of different emotions can be discovered in his visual world. Chagall was a painter and graphic artist, and he studied with Yehuda Penn in 1906 and at the Imperial Society for the Protection of Fine Arts in St. Petersburg. During his stay in the city, Chagall came into contact with modernism, which led him to Paris in 1910. There, he was influenced by the new currents created by artists and poets. During the Russian Revolution, the Soviet Ministry of Culture appointed Chagall commissar of arts for Vitebsk, and he eventually founded the Vitebsk Arts College. During World War II, he moved to Paris, and then to the US, returning to France in 1949, where he died in 1985.

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