Armand Pierre Fernandez (1928-2005) France

Armand Pierre Fernandez, also known as “Arman,” was a French visual artist and sculptor who worked in France and the US. He studied at Ècole du Louvre in Paris. He belonged to the Nouveau Réalisme (New realism) movement, along with Yves Klein and Pierre Restany. This group depicted mass-produced everyday objects in their works. In the 1960s, Arman developed his own style, “Poubille” (trash bin), in which he used randomly assembled objects. These objects were then arranged in plexiglas, where the most famous arrangements consisted of musical instruments, such as violins.