Miro auction price Left: JOAN MIRÓ in 1907. Image: Fundació Joan Miró
Right: JOAN MIRÓ. La masia (1920 - 1922). Image: National Gallery of Art of Washington DC

Early works
Like many others, Miró started painting while recovering from a disease in this case typhoid fever. He spent a lot of time at the family farm in Mont-Roig del Camp, a small village in Tarragona, Spain. The house and the landscapes surrounding it had a big influence on his early work. One of the most important ones being La Masia created between 1920 and 1922, featuring the summer home against a bright blue sky. Joan Miró commented on his work “A summary of all my life in the field. I wanted to put everything I wanted from the field in that painting”.

Today you can find The Farmhouse at the National Gallery of Art in Washington DC. The Miró family farmhouse became the Fudació Mas Miró opening in 2018.

Miro auction price Left: JOAN MIRÓ. Deux personnages fantastiques. La Défense, Paris. Image: Mary Ann Sullivan
Right: JOAN MIRÓ. Dona i Ocell Sculpture. Parc de Joan Miró, Barcelona (1981)

Inspiration and development
During the 1920s he spent periods of time in Paris. He was greatly inspired by Pablo Picasso and the Cubist movement, and soon he developed his own surrealist style.

Also a Picasso fan? Read more here!

Between the 1930s and 1940s, Miró started experimenting with new techniques such as collage, ceramics, sculpture and non-pictorial imagery. This endless search made him very productive. The Fundació Joan Miró in Barcelona has 217 painting, 178 sculptures, 9 textiles, 4 ceramics and 8000 drawings alone.

Miro auction price JOAN MIRO. La Luna. Ceramic mural for the UNESCO headquarters in Paris (1958)

At the end of the 1950s Miró moved to Mallorca. The constant moving, the new places, new landscapes and new workshops - influenced his ever changing style that would make him one of the most important artists of the 20th century. In 1958 he was awarded the biennial Prize of the Guggenheim Foundation.

miro art One of Miró's studios. Image: flickr

In Mallorca he created two large ceramic murals for the UNESCO headquarters in Paris. One entitled La Luna that measured 220 x 750 cm. The second one, El Sol, measures 220 x 1500 cm and is made up of 585 ceramic plates.

Miro auction price JOAN MIRO. Tapís de Tarragona. Image: Dunia Planet

In the end of 1966, Miró’s daughter Maria Dolors, was hit by a train in Mont-Roig del Camp. The daughter was saved by the young doctor Dr. Rafael Orozco. As a thank you, Miró offered to create a painting for the Red Cross Hospital in Tarragona.

He would soon develop the painting into a huge tapestry together with young artist Josep Royo. Miró named it Tapis de Tarragona and presented it in September 1970 at the Sala Gaspar in Barcelona.

Currently, the tapestry is exhibited at the Museu d’Art Modern of Tarragona. The creation of the Tapis de Tarragona would become the beginning of a long collaboration between Joan Miró and Josep Royo.

Miro auction price JOAN MIRO. Model of the Tapestry of the World Trade Center (1974). Image: Fundació Joan Miró

This collaboration would result in four major works. One of them completed in 1974, created in wool, hemp and rope was called The Great Tapestry. Measuring 6 x 11 metres, it decorated the lobby of the World Trade Center in New York - and was lost in the terrible attack in 2001. You can still experience the canvas sketch, preserved at the Joan Miró Foundation in Barcelona.

Works of art
Étoile bleue is considered a key work of Miró’s surrealist series entitled Dreams. The extraordinary painting was exhibited for the first time at the Solomon R Guggenheim Museum in New York in 1971. In the work, Miró combine human figures with cosmic signs on a luminous blue background. Étoile bleue was sold at Sotheby’s in London in 2012 for £23.6 million, setting a new artist record.

More of Miró’s realised prices here!

Miro auction price JOAN MIRO. Étoile bleue. Image: Sotheby's

Another series, Peinture, was painted in the 1930s and consisted of 18 large paintings. The biomorphic shapes float weightlessly within a seemingly limitless interior space. Like much of Mirós work, this was a product of experimentation. His pieces broke the rules of art, which gave rise to a series of enigmatic works and subversive collages.

Miro auction price JOAN MIRO. Peinture (1933). Image: Christie's

Aidez l’Espange was created for a postage stamp that was meant to be sold for the benefit of the Republican cause in the Spanish Civil War. The design features a Catalan peasant with his right hand raised in a Loyalist gesture. The use of red and yellow colours are a reference to the Spanish and Catalan flags. The intention was to urge neighbouring countries to support the right side in the conflict.

Although never issued, the artist made a stencil print of the design. Miró included an inscription reading “In this resent battle I see on the fascist side just the outdated forces, and on the other side, the people whose immense creative resources which will give Spain a power which will astonish the whole world”.

Miro auction price JOAN MIRO. Aidez l'Espagne (1937). Image: Christie's

Late life and legacy
As Miró grew older, he continued to create with many accolades and public commissions as a result. Joan Miró passed away in his home in 1983, only a year after completing Dona i Ocell - a large sculpture in Barcelona. This work can be seen as a culmination of a productive career that was of a great importance to the development of Modern art.

More of the mind blowing Miró here!