Andy Warhol was an American artist, graphic artist, and filmmaker. He is considered to be the icon of the Pop Art Movement.

Warhol studied at the Carnegie Institute of Technology 1945-1949 and then began his career as Art Director for the publications Vogue and Harper's Bazaar. His successes in advertising saw him be awarded the Art Directors Club Medal in 1957.

Warhol became known for his silkscreens in which where he portrayed infamous figures from popular culture such as Marilyn Monroe. He also used the silkscreen technique to portray various types of reproduced images and installations of consumable items such as cans of Campbell's Soup and Brillo cartons. Warhol explored the persona of the celebrity and the transcendence of the ordinary into the magnificent and coveted.

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From 1963 onwards he created and participated in films produced in his own studio, "The Factory," which also became a gathering place for New York's bohemian set. Warhol documented everything with his movie camera, and later also with a Polaroid camera. Those filmed Many famous during these so-called screen tests included Bob Dylan and Salvador Dalí.

In accordance with Warhol's will, the Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts was founded in New York in 1987 and the Andy Warhol Museum opened in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1994.

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