Art lovers and collectors can look forward to four auctions, in which new discoveries and women dominate, which will be held at the auction house Dorotheum from 23-25 October. Included are sales of Old Masters on 23 October, Jewels on 24 October, 19th-century Painting on 24 October, and Antiques on 25 October.

The auction of Old Masters, with which Dorotheum’s auction week starts, boasts the presentation of two extraordinary new discoveries. The first is by the eminent Baroque painter Artemisia Gentileschi and is a rediscovery from the last few years, the second is an early work by the Antwerp painter Anthonis van Dyck.

This exquisite work by Artemisia Gentileschi, Lucretia, is being presented to the public here for the first time. Since its creation in 1640-45, it has been privately owned by Neapolitans.

Lucretia can be regarded as a typical example of the oeuvre of Gentileschi, in which brave and dynamic women, such as Judith and Susanna, set the tone.

According to Roman tradition, Lucretia was a noblewoman in ancient Rome whose rape by Sextus Tarquinius, an Etruscan king's son, was the cause of a rebellion that overthrew the Roman monarchy and led to the transition of Roman government from a kingdom to a republic. Lucretia’s rape eventually lead to the taking of her own life.

While creating Lucretia is said considered to be a form of coping with the past for Gentileschi, who experienced rape first hand, with Annella di Massimo it is an almost unconscious look into the future. At the age of 33, the painter was stabbed to death by her own husband, who believed she had a relationship with his teacher and colleague Massimo Stanzione.

This second discovery is an early work by the Antwerp painter Anthonis van Dyck, who was a court painter in London from 1620 and died there in 1641. Portrait of a Noble Person with a Parrot was made in the Flemish homeland of the artist and is attributed to his early career, in which the extraordinary talent of van Dyck is already made more than clear.

The portrait was completed around 1619-20, in the period in van Dyck's biography before he left for England and after joining the Antwerp Luke Guild in February 1618.

Like Gentileschi’s Lucretia, this portrait is also being presented to the public for the first time as previously it was in private hands. The first owners belonged to the aristocratic family Arenberg, as with the woman depicted.

In Dorotheum’s auction of 19th century paintings, to be held on 24 October, is an important painting from the late work of the master Guido Reni. Reni worked in Rome and Bologna, and here his work depicts the Roman goddess of fortune, Fortuna. She is only slightly covered by a pink cloth, hovering in the sky above the earth’s spherical form and dropping money and gems from a purse.

Representations of female protagonists further dominate Dorotheum’s auction of 19th century paintings.

Here, history painter John William Godward has conjured a fashion-conscious Roman woman. The young lady, who seems to have sunk into ‘sweet dreams’ wears a stole, presumably made of Chinese cotton, with Palla draped over it.

The fabrics are dyed in delicate pink and dark purple, colours that were very popular with the women of Ancient Rome, but mostly could only be worn by the members of the upper class.

Over in the jewellery portion of Dorotheum’s auctions is this tiara commissioned by Archduchess Marie Valerie. The Archduchess was the youngest daughter of the imperial couple Franz Joseph I and Elisabeth, and this diadem was commissioned on the occasion of the wedding of her daughter Hedwig in 1918 to the court supplier AE Köchert in Vienna. The elegant tiara, which can be divided into seven brooches, adorns diamonds totaling approximately 40 ct.

The week ends with the auction of antiques on 25 October, where furniture, porcelain, glass and sculptures will be on call.

Discover all lots from Dorotheum on Barnebys