Art critic and collector Carlo Pepi made a formal complaint to the Carabinieri's art fraud department after seeing the exhibition who featured, what he suspected, was fake art work.

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Counterfeit Modigliani works have increased since the artist's nude painting Nu Couché, 1917–18, was sold at Christie's in 2015 to a Chinese art collector for a record-breaking $170.4 million.

Although the show closed 3 days earlier, around 100 000 visitors had seen the exhibition at Palazzo Ducale since its opening in March. Works included in the exhibition were loaned from Paris' Musée de l’Orangerie and Musée Picasso, the Fitzwilliam Museum at the University of Cambridge as well as private collections.

Palazzo Ducale commissioned MondoMostre Skira to organise the show. The company have also organised other exhibitions in Italy including shows on Vermeer, Frida Kahlo and Caravaggio. The Italian authorities are currently investigating counts of alleged fraud surrounding the show and its organisers.