Morisot was born in Bourges, France. In 1864 she was included in her first exhibition at The Salon, where she had a regular spot for an entire decade. She met Édouard Manet in 1868 and later married his brother. In a stable social and financial position she was able to pursue her career as an artist.

Not only did the marriage aid her career, Morisot's father was a government official and her grandfather was the famed Rococo artist Jean-Honoré Fragonard.

Both herself and her sister,Edma, enjoyed painting in throughout their youth, and although women were prohibited from joining any official arts institutions, the sisters were well respected for their talent within the art world.

In the late 1850s, the pair travelled to Paris to study Old Masters at the Louvre Museum under the guidance of Joseph Guichard. The sisters too studied with landscape artist Jean Baptiste-Camille Corot.

In 1874 Morisot met Impressionists Edgar Degas and Frédéric Bazille, who she exhibited at The Salon with, alongside Camille Pissarro, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Claude Monet and Alfred Sisley.

Following her extensive education in her craft, Morisot's subjects included landscape and still life as well as portraiture. Her media included oils, watercolours, pastels and drawings.

Her most famed works include Woman at Her Toilette, c. 1879, The Cherry Tree, 1891-92 and Girl with a Greyhound, 1893.

Morisot was never a commercial success in her lifetime, but did outsell the works of fellow Impressionists, including Monet, Renoir, and Sisley. She had her first solo exhibition in 1892 and two years later the French government purchased her oil painting Young Woman in a Ball Gown.