Egyptian art is most recognised by its use of symbolism, for example, animals are used as symbolic representations of deities. Artists of the period had a thorough knowledge of their anatomy.

The colours used also had an intended meaning: blue and green represented the Nile and life, whilst yellow was used to capture the sun, the all-inspiring force in ancient Egyptian life.

In ancient Egypt, religion played a major role. This is why most art works represented deities, pharaohs and divine incarnations.

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Romanesque art describes art produced in ancient Rome territories since the founding of Rome (753 BC.) until the fall of the Western Empire (476 AD. J.- C.). It included the production of portraits, mosaics, theaters, busts, aqueducts or triumphal arches.

Orientalism is a Western literary and artistic movement from the 19th century.

Felix Ziem (1821-1911) is one of the great artists associated with the Orientalist movement which is considered one of the precursors of Impressionism.

Jacques Majorelle (1886-1962) is another great French Orientalist painter. In 1910, Majorelle travelled to Egypt and he quickly developed a passion for the Islamic culture. In 1917, fascinated by the culture and scenery, he settled in Marrakech where he painted scenes of life there.

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