NODAL, Bartolome Garcia de (d.1622) and Gonçalo NODAL (b. ca 1569). Relacion del viajé par orden de Su. Magd. y Acverdo del Real Consejo de Indias... al descubrimiento del Estrecho nuevo de S. Vicente. y reconosimio. del de Magallanes. Madrid: Fernando Correa de Montenegro, 1621.\n\n4o (200 x 144 mm). Engraved title, woodcut illustrations on three pages. WITH THE EXTREMELY RARE ENGRAVED FOLDING MAP "Reconocimiento de los estrachos de Magellanes y San Vitente Mandado..." (402 x 341 mm), laid loose in cloth portfolio within folding case (small area at center silked on verso). Contemporary limp vellum (loose in binding); cloth folding case. Provenance: Don Christobal de Villo Garcellano (contemporary owner's inscription); Santa Fe (Argentina?), Jesuit Library (18th-century inscription).\n\nA FINE COPY OF THE FIRST EDITION of this famously rare work which even in the 1860s was described by Sabin as "one of the rarest books of its class." He goes on to note that the map "is almost always wanting." Borba de Moraes comments that "This first edition, particularly with the map, is very rare and in fact is considered one of the rarest travel books of the seventeenth century. Copies containing the map are so rare that it is believed to have been withdrawn [in accordance with the official Spanish policy of secrecy] ... [the book] is of great value as a work of navigation."\n\nThis landmark voyage included the first circumnavigation of Tierra del Fuego and was undertaken by the Nodal brothers aboard two specially built caravals. They were dispatched by the Spanish authorities who had become alarmed by the news of the discoveries made by Le Maire and Schouten during their voyage of 1616 in search of the Southern Continent. After a remarkably quick and trouble-free voyage the Nodals returned with accurate observations of the tides in the Straits of Magellan and precise sailing instructions for the area. Alden & Landis 621/90; Borba de Moraes II:616; Church 386; Hill 1231; JCB (3) II:156; Palau 99485; Sabin 55394. EXTREMELY RARE, ESPECIALLY WITH THE MAP.