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  • 9 Dec 1992—10 Jan 2019

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AN EGYPTIAN GRANITE BUST FROM AN ENTHRONED FIGURE OF THE GODDESS SEKHMET

The lion-headed goddess wearing a long close-fitting dress, broad collar, and striated tripartite wig covering her mane, the powerfully carved face with stylized whiskers and ruff carved in shallow relief. Sekhmet was the divine consort of Ptah, the chief god of Memphis in Lower Egypt. She later came to be identified with the goddess Mut, who was similarly the consort of the chief god of Thebes, in Upper Egypt, Amun. The present statue probably once stood among over six hundred images of Sekhmet, goddess of war and protector of the king, which adorned the courts and passageways of the great temple Amenhotep III built in honor of the goddess Mut at Thebes and where some still stand in the ruins of that complex. Thus, what Yoyotte describes as a monumental litany of granite was probably in part a result of a Theban desire to promote Amun as lord of all Egypt and chief of all gods. See Elizabeth Riefstahl, Thebes in the Time of Amenhotep III, Norman, Oklahoma, 1964, p. 62. William Hayes writes that minor variations in style and proportions show that a number of different sculptors worked on the production of these statues, which though designed primarily as oft-repeated accents in a grandiose religio-architectural scheme, are in individual instances monuments of great beauty, dignity, and technical excellence. (William C. Hayes, The Scepter of Egypt, Part II, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1959, p. 239.) Cf. A.P. Kozloff, B.M. Bryan, and L.M. Berman, Egypts Dazzling Sun, Amenhotep III and His World, Cleveland, 1992, no. 34 (The Metropolitan Museum of Art), R. Fazzini, Images for Eternity, Egyptian Art from Berkeley and Brooklyn, Brooklyn, 1975, no. 56 (Berkeley), D. Wildung and G. Grimm, Götter, Pharaonen, Mainz, 1978, no. 31 (Cairo), and J.F. Romano, K. Parlasca, and J.M. Rogers, The Luxor Museum of Ancient Egyptian Art, Cairo, 1971, nos. 110 and 111; also compare Sotheby's, New York, December 14th, 1994, no. 30, December 12th, 2013, no. 9, and December 8th, 2015, no. 23. See Kozloff, Bryan, and Berman op. cit., Chapter VII, pp. 215-236, Royal and Divine Images in Animal Form, for a recent discussion of these representations. The authors note It is important to realize that the New Kingdom Egyptians did not worship animals, but rather personifications of the power associated with them. Quite often, gods exhibited threatening aspects requiring appeasement to encourage the benevolent divine nature. A lion is dangerous particularly when hungry or enraged, but also protects its family. The domesticated cat, identified with a number of goddesses, was seen as the propitiated fireside form of the prowling desert lioness.

  • GBRUnited Kingdom
  • 2016-12-15
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" PRINCESSE DE BACTRIANE ", 3E MILLÉNAIRE AV.J.C.

" PRINCESSE DE BACTRIANE ", 3E MILLÉNAIRE AV.J.C. Importante statuette composite en pierre, représentant un personnage assis, dont le vêtement et la coiffure sont en chlorite grise et la tête en calcite blanche. Le corps se compose de deux blocs de pierre superposés, le buste plat, aux épaules arrondies reposant sur une assise presque hémicirculaire, en pointe sur le côté droit et perforée à l'emplacement du pied. La robe, aux mèches en pointes superposées, gravées de chevrons, est recouverte d'une cape de longues " languettes " striées couvrant le buste, les épaules et le dos. Une succession de " languettes " identiques recouvre partiellement la moitié inférieure de la statuette. Le sommet du buste, concave à l'emplacement de la tête, comporte une partie lisse formant une encolure rectangulaire à l'avant, en pointe dans le dos. La tête, en calcite, a une base évasée convexe qui s'insère dans le creux de l'encolure. Les sourcils arqués qui se rejoignent, les orbites et les pupilles sont soulignés, le nez, sémite , est fin, les lèvres petites, les oreilles à peine esquissées. La coiffure, plate sur le dessus de la tête, aux cheveux ondulés, retombe en mèches sur la nuque. Un large bandeau, à raie médiane, renforcé d'un bourrelet strié, ceint le sommet de la chevelure. Hauteur : 14,5 cm Largeur : 15 cm Profondeur : 10,5 cm Bibliographie: P.Amiet, Antiquités de Bactriane, Paris, Revue du Louvre 3, 1978. Art of the First Cities, New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2003. Bactria, An Ancient Oasis Civilization fromp the Sands of Afghanistan, Venise, Centro Studi Ricerche Ligabue. A.Benoit, Les "princesses de Bactriane", Paris, Revue du Louvre 4, 2004: pp.35-43. A.Benoit, Princesse de Bactriane, Musée du Louvre, Paris, 2010. Holly Pittmann, Art of the Bronze Age, New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1984. A BACTRIAN " PRINCESS ", 3RD MILLENIUM B.C. Estimation 120 000 - 150 000 € Sold for 206,400 €

  • FRAFrance
  • 2014-03-25
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Ancient Art

This category includes auctions with objects from ancient cultures, including Roman glass, Egyptian crafts and artifacts, Greek sculptures, and jewellery dating back centuries or millennia.