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Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (1780-1867) France

Ingres was a 19th-century Neoclassical painter from France. In 1797 Ingres became a student of Jacques-Louis David, one of the most celebrated painters in Europe at the time. Two years later he studied at the École des Beaux-Arts and in 1801 he was awarded a scholarship to study at the Académie de France in Rome. After the fall of the Napoleonic empire Ingres turned to the drawing and painting of portraits to make a living. Although these portraits are considered to be some of his most prominent works today, he was struggling to establish himself as a successful artist at the time. At the 1819 Salon, Ingres exhibited one of his most well known works today; La Grande Odalisque (1814), causing a scandal amongst critics due to its erotic theme and the anatomical inaccuracy of the odalisque. A few years later Ingres submitted The Vow of Louis XIII (1824) to the Salon for which he received very positive reviews and could finally make a name for himself as an acclaimed History painter.
In 1825 he opened his own school which quickly became one of the largest teaching studios in Paris. Ingres paintings are characterised by the mastery of outline as well as an experimental approach to space and the anatomy of human form. Although Ingres' death in 1867 encompassed a shift in the tradition of monumental History painting, the legacy of Ingres is carried on through the works of Degas, Renoir, Picasso and Matisse who have all taken inspiration from the Neoclassical master. 

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