Sonia Delaunay was a Jewish-French painter who is known for being a cofounder of the Orphism art movement. Orphism can be viewed as a trend in abstract painting. Delaunay’s paintings feature circles of color, circular segments and rhythms in a style called “simultanéisme.” She painted in bright rainbow colors that expressed joy and faith in the future and its technology.
The artist also worked with fashion, based on clean lines and geometric shapes. The dresses were intended to work in unity with female body movements and her vision was a democratic and diverse fashion. Despite the gray incipience of Cubism, Delaunay clung to her Fauvist background and inspiration from her home town.
In 1964, Sonia Delaunay was the first female artist to have a retrospective exhibition at the Louvre. Later she also received the Legion of Honor.
Since ancient times, women have been the muse of many a great art work. In terms of being artists themselves, women remained marginalised until the early 19th century. Thanks to the opening of art schools, the assertion of egalitarianism and the emergence of an art market, women finally achieved the recognition they deserved. Here, Barnebys has put together a list of ten women who played a key role in the history of art.