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Poland

With over 1,000 years of history, Poland has accumualted a rich cultural heritage influenced by multiple civilisations and peoples. One of the focal points of the country's culture is the visual art produced by natives but influenced by European trends and movements. Despite following these continental artistic trends, Polish artists have ensured works make reference to their homeland in various ways. The 19th century painter, Jan Matejko, was renowned for his depictions of historical events integral to the politics of Poland; the artist also made his mark on Poland's cultural landscape, by founding the Kraków School of Historical Painting in the former capital. Between 1890 and 1918, the 'Young Poland' movement emerged, opposing both the Naturalism and Positivism sought to promote decadence, symbolism and romanticism. The painter, poet and playwright, Stanisław Wyspiański, played a crucial role in this movement, earning him the unofficial title of the 'Fourth Polish Bard'. 


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